Cataglyphis cursor

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Cataglyphis cursor
Cataglyphis cursor creticus casent0102116 dorsal 1.jpg
Cataglyphis cursor subsp. creticus worker
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species:
C. cursor
Binomial name
Cataglyphis cursor
(Fonscolombe, 1846)

Cataglyphis cursor is a species of ant in the genus Cataglyphis.[1] Described in 1846, it is known only from the Mediterranean parts of France.[2]

Reproduction[edit]

Parthenogenesis is a natural form of reproduction in which growth and development of embryos occur without fertilization. Thelytoky is a particular form of parthenogenesis in which the development of a female individual occurs from an unfertilized egg. Automixis is a form of thelytoky, but there are several kinds of automixis. The kind of automixis relevant here is one in which two haploid products from the same meiosis combine to form a diploid zygote.

Central fusion and terminal fusion automixis

The process of automictic thelytoky with central fusion has been studied in C. cursor.[3][4] Central fusion allows heterozygosity to be largely maintained. Queen ants use this process to produce female reproductive progeny (gynes), thus increasing the transmission of their own genes through the germline lineage. Also, queens use sexual reproduction to produce worker ants. In C. cursor colonies with a single queen, 96.4% of daughter queens arise from thelytokous parthenogenetic eggs, while 97.9% of daughter workers arise from fertilized eggs.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

Besides the type subspecies, the following three are recognized:

  • Cataglyphis cursor subsp. aterrimus Pisarski, 1967
  • Cataglyphis cursor subsp. creticus (Forel, 1910)
  • Cataglyphis cursor subsp. rockingeri (Forel, 1911)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2015). "Cataglyphis cursor". AntCat. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. ^ Borowiec, L.; Salata, S. (2013). "Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)" (PDF). Genus. Wroclaw. 24 (3–4): 335–401.
  3. ^ a b Pearcy M, Aron S, Doums C, Keller L (2004). "Conditional use of sex and parthenogenesis for worker and queen production in ants". Science. 306 (5702): 1780–3. doi:10.1126/science.1105453. PMID 15576621.
  4. ^ Aron S, Timmermans I, Pearcy M (2011). "Ant queens adjust egg fertilization to benefit from both sexual and asexual reproduction". Biology Letters. 7 (4): 571–573. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.1189. PMC 3130223. PMID 21307046.