Central Clinical Hospital

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Coordinates: 55°44′47″N 37°23′21″E / 55.74639°N 37.38917°E / 55.74639; 37.38917 The Central Clinical Hospital of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation (Russian: Центральная клиническая больница c поликлиникой Управления делами Президента Российской Федерации) (also called "Kremlin Hospital", "Kremlyovka", "Death Valley" and the "Kremlin Clinic") is a heavily guarded facility seven miles northwest of the Moscow Kremlin, in 45 Losinoostrovskaya street (Russian: Лосиноостровская улица 45) in an exclusive, wooded suburban area of Kuntsevo. It's considered to be the best hospital in Russia and one of the best hospitals in the world.[citation needed] The hospital is guarded by the Federal Protective Service. The hospital has business contacts with many foreign medical organizations, which allows it to acquire invaluable experience in health care around the world. Among patients are political, business, cultural and scientific elite of Russia (and Soviet Union before 1991, like presidents Yuri Andropov or Konstantin Chernenko) and representatives of the diplomatic corps. The hospital now accepts an increasing number of private, self-paying patients and it is common to pay for one's treatment. While the hospital is open to the public and anyone may theoretically be admitted and treated there, its fees and charges are well beyond the means of most Russians and so it retains its elitist image.

History[edit]

On 13 August 1946, the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union issued a decree on the design and construction of a new building Kremlin Hospital (Suburban Hospital) with 500 beds. In March 1947, the Government has identified the volume of financing (consolidated estimates for the construction of buildings of the Central Clinical Hospital is only closed December 20, 1963), and in April 1947, decided to place a new hospital in theforest in Kuntsevo. Initially, it has been allocated 150 hectares of land, and in 1953 the total area of the hospital has reached 209 hectares.

Construction of the hospital and its infrastructure started in 1948. However, despite the measures taken, the construction was carried out slowly. Much of the credit for the construction of hospitals and organization of its follow-up belongs to Vasily Kholodkova.

In 1957 The construction of the first two buildings (№6 and №7) housings 123 beds was complete. The hospital was opened for patients treatment on 29 November 1957. Day opening of the Central Clinical Hospital is considered to be December 2, 1957, when the treatment of the first patient enrolled.

In September 1960, the Suburban Hospital is renamed the Central Clinical Hospital of the Fourth Main Department of the Ministry of Health of the Soviet Union.

On 1961-1963 the main Building was constructed. In it housed the main branch of specialized therapeutic and surgical, as well as large medical-diagnostic department (X-ray, physiotherapy, functional diagnostics).

In 1968 the first hemodialysis center in the Soviet Union opened, and in 1973 a computing center was established.

In the late 70's and early 80's was carried out specialized therapeutic care for basic medical specialties: cardiology, gastroenterology, pulmonology, nephrology, endocrinology, allergology, hematology, neurology.

Later at the hospital were put into operation new buildings in 1981 - anatomopathological, 1982 - therapeutic, 1985 - Pharmacy, 1989, 2001 - operationally intensive care.

On October 2011 a branch of assisted reproductive technologies was opened, and on November 2012 the Department of Neurosurgery.

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