Ceolwulf I of Mercia
William of Malmesbury declared that, after Cœnwulf: "the kingdom of the Mercians declining, and if I may use the expression, nearly lifeless, produced nothing worthy of historical commemoration." Actually, Mercia did have a moment of glory that William was unaware of. Indicating the year 822, the Annales Cambriae states: "The fortress of Degannwy (in Gwynedd) is destroyed by the Saxons and they took the kingdom of Powys into their own control."
A later charter depicts a disturbed state of affairs during Ceolwulf's reign: "After the death of Cœnwulf, king of the Mercians, many disagreements and innumerable disputes arose among leading persons of every kind – kings, bishops, and ministers of the churches of God – concerning all manner of secular affairs". In 823, sometime after 26 May, on which date he granted land to Archbishop Wulfred in exchange for a gold and silver vessel, Ceolwulf was overthrown. His replacement was one Beornwulf, whose pedigree is not known.
Ceolwulf had ruled Kent directly – in his two charters, he is styled as "King of the Mercians and of the men of Kent". Beornwulf would place a kinsman, Baldred, on the Kentish throne.
- Ceolwulf 5 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England
|Titles of nobility|
| King of Mercia
| King of East Anglia|
| King of Kent
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