Cepheline; Desmethylemetine; Dihydropsychotrine
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||g·mol−1 466.622|
|Appearance||White silky crystals|
|Solubility in ethanol||Soluble[vague]|
|Main hazards||Emetic / poisonous|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Cephaeline is an alkaloid that is found in Cephaelis ipecacuanha and other plant species including Psychotria acuminata. Cephaeline induces vomiting by stimulating the stomach lining and is found in commercial products such as syrup of ipecac. Chemically, it is closely related to emetine.
Cephaeline in the form of syrup of ipecac was once commonly recommended as an emergency treatment for accidental poisoning, but its use has been phased out due to its ineffectiveness.
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