Certification Practice Statement
A Certification Practice Statement (CPS) is a document from a certificate authority or a member of a web of trust which describes their practice for issuing and managing public key certificates.
Some elements of a CPS include documenting practices of:
By detailing the practice of issuance, revocation and renewal, a CPS aids entities in judging the relative reliability of a given certificate authority.
In a certificate authority, the CPS should derive from the organization's certificate policy and may be referenced in issued certificates.
Web of trust
Because individuals act as certifiers in a web of trust, individual CPS documents are sometimes used. For example, in a PGP WoT, the CPS might state that the certifying entity checked two forms of legal government ID before signing the person's public key.
When verifying digital signatures, it's necessary to review the CPS so as to determine the meaning of the issuance of the certificate by the certifying entity.
- ^ "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate Policy and Certification Practices Framework". IETF. November 2003. p. 15. RFC 3647.
- ^ American Bar Association Digital Signature Guidelines 1996, ISBN 1-57073-250-7 (section 1.8.1)
- ^ "Creating Certificate Policies and Certificate Practice Statements".
- ^ American Bar Association Digital Signature Guidelines 1996, ISBN 1-57073-250-7
- Microsoft.com "Creating Certificate Policies and Certificate Practice Statements"
- Security policy
- Example of a CPS for a Web of Trust: http://www.grep.be/gpg/cert-policy-v2