Chadar

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For the outer garment worn by women, see Chador.

Chadar Kshatriya (Hindi: चडार/ चढार) is a Hindu caste found in central regions of India.

These are known to be Chandra Vanshi Kshatriya. Only few thousand Chadar people currently exist and the number of Chadars is continuously decreasing. Thus, they are moving towards minority community. The Chadar have customs and lifestyle like tribes.

Surname and pronunciation[edit]

Chadar (Hindi:चडार) is commonly pronounced as Cha_daa_r.

Chadar kshatriya were known for very aggressive attacks (चढाइ) on enemy. The Chadar / chadhar (चडार or चढार) surname originated from the word Chadhar (Hindi: चढाइ) which means Attack for which Chadars were known. Chadar cast originally origin in Vedic literature mention Bunker cast.[1]

Other Surnames used by Chadars[edit]

The other names used by people of this caste are:

  1. Athya
  2. Sakale
  3. Atthaya
  4. Charar
  5. Athiya
  6. Chandel
  7. Pawar
  8. Soniya
  9. Chidar
  10. Vilye
  11. Gehlot
  12. Sandariya
  13. Sundre
  14. Ghangere
  15. Verma
  16. Sutrakar
  17. Charul
  18. Thakur
  19. Pushkar
  20. Chandravansi
  21. Gohiya
  22. Sarawat
  23. Chadhar
  24. Bunkar
  25. Katiya
  26. Amalkaar
  27. Bhartiya
  28. Binakiya
  29. Bisrotiya
  30. Beliya
  31. Bachheliya
  32. Barha
  33. Brahmaniya
  34. Hanumantiya
  35. Hardiya
  36. Ghuraiya
  37. Magariya
  38. Ghure
  39. Sure
  40. saad(Salad)
  41. Saanvar
  42. Vinayak
  43. Tameshwari
  44. Naga(Naag)
  45. Kumeriya
  46. Magra
  47. Atthaya

Origin[edit]

The origin of Chadar is from Chittorgarh Rajsthan and their near regions like Kota, Bundi, etc. The Chadars are known to be descendants of Chandela's. From the ninth century to the 13th century, the Chandelas ruled over central India. Their first capital city was Khajuraho, which was later shifted to Mahoba. They are regarded to be Chandravanshi; i.e., the descendants of the Som (Sanskrit literal meaning: moon). The Chandela are a Rajput clan found in Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, a dynasty, who ruled much of the Bundelkhand region of central India for long periods between the 10th and the 13th centuries AD. The Chandela dynasty is famous in Indian history for sculptures at temples of Khajuraho which is now a world heritage site.

Muslim invasions[edit]

After about two centuries of obscurity a notable Chandella ruler Keerat Pal Singh rose to power and re-established his domain over Kalinjar and Mahoba. His illustrious daughter Durgavati was married to Gond ruler Dalpat-shah of Garh Mandla (near Jabalpur) in 1543 A.D. Later, Keerat Pal Singh battled bravely with Sher Shah Suri, while defending Kalinjar fort in 1545. Sher Shah, however, captured the fort after a prolonged fight but was killed in an explosion while directing final assault on the fort.

The account of Rani Durgavati's deeds is most glorious. She administered her territory admirably well after the death of Raja Dalpat Shah and in 1564 A.D. gallantly resisted the unprovoked aggression of Mughal Emperor Akbar, whose general Asif Khan attracted Garh Mandla to annex Rani's territory. The Rani gave a brave fight but lost her life in the battle-field. The aggression of Akbar on women rulers like Durga Wati and Chand-bibi tarnish his image as a liberal ruler.

There ends the saga of brave and valorous, patron of art and culture, rich and devout kings of the Chandela dynasty who ruled over central India for half a millennium. Their kingdom decreased and expanded in size in accordance with the velour and fortune of the individual ruler. But the most important objects which nearly every king left behind are the magnificent and exquisitely carved temples, thereby engraving their names in history in the golden letters.

Geographical distribution[edit]

This caste is found mainly in districts of Madhya Pradesh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Mohan Lal chadhar, Assistant Professor, Ancient Indian History, Culture & Archaeology, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak.