Chaffin's Farm Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is shown separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]


Army of the James[edit]

MG Benjamin F. Butler

X Corps[edit]

MG David B. Birney

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alfred H. Terry

1st Brigade

   Col Francis B. Pond (w)
   Col Thomas Mulcahy
   Ltc Alvin C. Voris

2nd Brigade

   Col Joseph C. Abbott

3rd Brigade

   Col Harris M. Plaisted

Second Division
     BG Robert Sanford Foster

1st Brigade

   Col Rufus Daggett (w)
   Ltc Albert M. Barney

2nd Brigade

   Col Galusha Pennypacker

3rd Brigade

   Col Louis Bell

Third Division

1st Brigade

   BG William Birney


Artillery Brigade

   Col Richard H. Jackson

  • Connecticut Light 1st Battery
  • New Jersey Light 4th Battery
  • New Jersey Light 5th Battery
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Battery E
  • Battery C, 3rd Rhode Island Heavy
  • 1st U.S. Batteries C and D
  • 1st U.S. Battery M
  • 3rd U.S. Battery E
  • 4th U.S. Battery D

XVIII Corps[edit]

MG Edward O. C. Ord (w) September 29
BG Charles A. Heckman
Brevet MG Godfrey Weitzel[2]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG George J. Stannard (w)
     Colonel James Jourdan[3]
     BG Gilman Marston

1st Brigade

   Col Aaron Fletcher Stevens (w)
   Ltc John B. Raulston

2nd Brigade

   BG Hiram Burnham (k)
   Col Michael Donohoe (w)
   Ltc Stephen Moffitt temp 29 Sept
   Col Edgar M. Cullen

3rd Brigade

   Col Samuel H. Roberts (w)
   Col Edgar M. Cullen temp 29 Sept
   Ltc Stephen H. Moffitt

  • 21st Connecticut: Capt James F. Brown
  • 92nd New York
  • 58th Pennsylvania
  • 188th Pennsylvania: Maj Francis H. Reichard

Second Division
     BG Charles A. Heckman
     Col Harrison S. Fairchild[4]
     BG Charles A. Heckman

1st Brigade

   Col James Stewart, Jr. (w)
   Col George M. Guion

  • 148th New York: Col George M. Guion
  • 158th New York: Col James Jourdan
  • 55th Pennsylvania
2nd Brigade

   Col Edward H. Ripley

3rd Brigade

   Col Harrison S. Fairchild

Third Division[5]
     BG Charles J. Paine

1st Brigade

   Col John Henry Holman

  • 1st U.S.C.T.
  • 22nd U.S.C.T.
  • 37th U.S.C.T.
2nd Brigade

   Col Alonzo G. Draper

  • 5th U.S.C.T.
  • 36th U.S.C.T.
  • 38th U.S.C.T.
3rd Brigade

   Col Samuel A. Duncan (w)
   Col John W. Ames

  • 4th U.S.C.T.
  • 6th U.S.C.T.
  • U.S. Sharpshooters


Artillery Brigade

   Maj George B. Cook

  • 3rd New York Light, Battery E
  • 2nd New York Light, Battery H
  • 3rd New York Light, Battery K
  • 3rd New York Light, Battery M
  • New York Light, 7th Battery
  • New York Light, 16th Battery
  • New York Light, 17th Battery
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light, Battery A
  • 1st Rhode Island Light, Battery F
  • 1st U.S., Battery B
  • 4th U.S., Battery L
  • 5th U.S., Battery A
  • 5th U.S., Battery F


Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry Division
     BG August V. Kautz

1st Brigade

   Col Robert M. West

  • 2nd New York
  • 5th Pennsylvania
2nd Brigade

   Col Samuel P. Spear

  • 1st District of Columbia
  • 11th Pennsylvania
  • Wisconsin Light, 4th Battery


  1. ^ Weitzel served as Butler's Chief Engineer until September 30, when he was placed in command of the XVIII Corps
  2. ^ Official Records Volume XLII, part II, page 1146 Weitzel was assigned to command on 30 Sept 1864 by Butler's field order No. 116.
  3. ^ Sommers p.575
  4. ^ Fairchild temporarily commanded the 2nd Division in conjunction with his own 3rd Brigade when Heckman corps command (Eicher p. 230) though Colonel James Anderson may have assumed brigade command until his death (Sommers p. 575). Some reports say Colonel James Jourdan was in temporary command of the division by order of General Heckman (Sommers p.575)
  5. ^ Temporarily attached to X Corps during the fighting at New Market Heights on September 29.