Edward H. Ripley
|Edward Hastings Ripley|
Ripley in 1899
November 11, 1839|
|Died||September 14, 1915
|Place of burial||Evergreen Cemetery
|Allegiance||United States of America (Union)|
|Years of service||1862–1865|
Brevet Brigadier General
Edward Hastings Ripley (November 11, 1839 – September 14, 1915) was a Vermont businessman and Union Army officer in the American Civil War. He attained the rank of brevet brigadier general while commanding brigades in the XVIII and XXIV Corps, and led the first troops to enter Richmond after its surrender.
Edward H. Ripley was born in Rutland, Vermont on November 11, 1839. He was educated locally and at Troy Conference Academy in Poultney (now Green Mountain College). He attended Union College from 1858 to 1862, and was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity.
Ripley left college near the end of his senior year to join the Army, enlisting as a private in the 9th Vermont Infantry in May 1862. Union College continued him on its student rolls and awarded him a Bachelor of Arts degree as a member of the Class of 1862.
He attained the rank of sergeant, and then was commissioned as a captain and appointed to command the regiment’s Company B, which he led during action in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign in the summer of 1862, including the Siege of Suffolk, Virginia. He received promotion to major that summer.
In September 1862 Ripley was among those taken prisoner at the Battle of Harpers Ferry. After he was exchanged in January 1863 he continued to serve with the 9th Vermont during action in Virginia and North Carolina throughout 1863. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in May 1863, and received promotion to colonel and command of the regiment a week later.
He was subsequently appointed to command a military district in the area of Beaufort and New Bern, North Carolina. In August 1864 Ripley was promoted to brevet brigadier general and assigned to command 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps, Army of the James. He later commanded the 2nd Brigade, including action at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm and the Second Battle of Fair Oaks. Ripley was wounded twice, and was later assigned to command 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIV Corps, which was assigned to lead the Union troops into Richmond after the Confederate surrender, with orders to extinguish fires, prevent looting and maintain order.
Ripley commanded the military district which included Richmond until the city’s civilian government was restored at the end of the war. When Abraham Lincoln visited Richmond from April 4 to 7, 1865, Ripley became aware of an assassination plot and met with Lincoln to urge him to take increased precautions for his safety. Lincoln declined, stating that it was more important that he be seen among the people as a sign that hostilities were over, and that if someone was determined to assassinate him, increased security would not prevent it.
Ripley mustered out of the service in June 1865.
After the war Ripley returned to Vermont, also maintaining a residence in New York City. In partnership with his brother William he operated the Ripley Sons marble business until selling it to the Vermont Marble Company, which was operated by fellow Civil War veteran Redfield Proctor.
Ripley built the Holland House Hotel in New York City, which was owned by members of his wife's Van Doren family, and was responsible for the construction and operation of New Jersey’s Raritan River Railroad. He was a founder of the United States and Brazil Steamship Line and served on its board of directors. In addition, he served as President of the Rutland Marble Savings Bank, and Vice President of the Rutland County National Bank.
He also operated a successful horse breeding farm, with many of his animals being purchased for use in South America. The location of Ripley's farm is now the site of the Sugar & Spice restaurant and gift shop, a business which specializes in maple products. The burial site of the horse Ripley rode for most of the Civil War, "Old John", is preserved at the location.
Ripley was active in the Reunion Society of Vermont Officers, and elected President in 1887 and 1904. He was also an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
Edward Ripley spoke and wrote about his Civil War experiences, and his works included a speech which was subsequently printed in book form, The Capture and Occupation of Richmond, April 3, 1865 (1907). In addition, his diary was published in 1960 as Vermont General, The Unusual War Experiences of Edward Hastings Ripley, edited by Otto Eisenschiml.
Death and burial
In 1878 Edward H. Ripley married Amelia Dyckman Van Doren (1845–1931). They had two daughters: Alice Van Doren Ripley (1881–1948), the wife of Alexander deTrofimoff Ogden Jones (1878–1943), and Amelia Sybil Huntington (1882–1963), the wife of Raphael Welles Pumpelly. The Ripley daughters were married in a double ceremony in 1909.
Edward H. Ripley was the son of William Young Ripley, a prominent Vermont businessman and banker, and Jane Warren Ripley. Edward H. Ripley’s siblings included: brother William Y. W. Ripley, a Civil War officer who received the Medal of Honor; and half-sister Julia Caroline Dorr, a famous poet and the wife of Seneca M. Dorr. His sister Helen was the mother of John Ripley Myers.
- U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S. Senate Documents: proposed Volunteer Retired List, Military record of Edward H. Ripley, Volume 8, 1906, page 90
- William Arba Ellis, Norwich University, 1819–1911: Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor, Volume 3, 1911, page 545
- The University Magazine, The Theta Chapter of Psi Upsilon, January 1891, page 80
- Union University, Union College Alumni in the Civil War, 1861–1865, 1915, page 70
- Psi Upsilon Fraternity, The twelfth general catalogue of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity, 1917, page 13
- James T. White & Company, The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, Volume XVI, 1918, page 236
- Ellis, Norwich University, page 545
- Edwin C. Hill, The Historical Register, 1920, page 56
- John H. Eicher, David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, 2001, page 454
- United States War Department, The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1892, page 557
- The Vermonter magazine, Vermont Organizations: Annual Meetings in 1904, Reunion Society of Vermont Officers, November 1904, page 131
- David Herbert Donald, Lincoln, 2011, page 577
- Brendan H. Egan, Jr., Murder at Ford's Theatre: A Chronicle of An Assassination, 2000
- David J. Eicher, The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War, 2002, page 815
- John C. Williams, The History and Map of Danby, Vermont, 1869, page 303
- David C. Gale, Proctor: The Story of a Marble Town, 1922, page 109
- Leon Fink, Workingmen's Democracy: The Knights of Labor and American Politics, 1983, page 68
- The National Cyclopædia of American Biography
- Vrest Orton, Vermont History, The Vermont General, April 1960, page 157
- New York Times, What is Doing in Society, April 4, 1902
- C. B. Merwin, printer, New York Supreme Court Papers, Gushee vs. Harms, 1908, pages 32, 64
- F. W. Dodge Corporation, Real Estate Record and Builders' Guide, Volume 50, 1892, page 147
- New Jersey Comptroller of the Treasury, Annual Statements of the Railroad and Canal Companies, 1889, page 188
- Engineering News, Obituary, Gen. Edward H. Ripley, Volume 74, Number 13, (September 23, 1915) page 623
- The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, page 236
- John J. Duffy, Alan Jon Fortney, David Ernest Robinson, Vermont, an illustrated history, 1985, page 235
- U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Report of the Comptroller of the Currency, 1888, page 54
- Joseph Battell, American Morgan Horse Register, Volume 2, 1905, pages 10, 403
- Sugar & Spice, Sugar & Spice: About Us, retrieved February 12, 2014
- Old John at Find a Grave, retrieved February 12, 2014
- Vermont Secretary of State, Vermont Legislative Directory, 1886, page 397
- Reunion Society of Vermont Officers, Annual Meeting proceedings, Volume 2, 1906, pages 376–377
- Robert Burns Beath, History of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1889, pages 399–400
- Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Register of the Military order of the loyal legion of the United States, 1906, page 192
- Norwich University, Annual Catalogue, 1910, page 16
- Union University, Annual catalogue, 1915, page 142
- Edward H. Ripley, The Capture and Occupation of Richmond, April 3rd, 1865, 1907, title page
- Edward Hastings Ripley, author, Otto Eisenschiml, editor, Vermont General: The Unusual War Experiences of Edward Hastings Ripley, 1862–1865, 1960, page iii
- R. R. Bowker Company, Information Annual for 1915, 1916, page 505
- Edward H. Ripley at Find a Grave
- Huntington Family Association, The Huntington Family in America, 1915, page 662
- Charlotte News, Double Wedding Interests Society, June 8, 1909
- The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, page 236
- Henry Perry Smith, William S. Rann, History of Rutland County, Vermont, 1993, page 336
- Hamilton College, The Hamilton Review, Volumes 13–15, 1899, page 155
- Edward Hastings Ripley, Vermont General, pages 336, 228
- Vermont Historical Society, Description, Papers of Charlotte Clement Ripley (1864–1923), 2007, page 1
- New York Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, In Memory of Edward Hastings Ripley, November 11, 1839 – September 14, 1915, 1915
- Edward Hastings Ripley at Vermont in the Civil War