R. A. Chandrasena

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R. A. Chandrasena
ආර්. ඒ. චන්ද්‍රසේන
RA-Chandrasena-Photo.JPG
Background information
Birth name Ranasinghe Arachchige Chandrasena Perera
Also known as Chandrasena Master
Born (1924-08-27)27 August 1924
Mahanuvara (Kandy), Sri Lanka
Origin Sri Lanka
Died 1 March 1980(1980-03-01) (aged 55)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Genres Sri Lankan music, Folk music, Raga, Film, Radio and
Occupation(s) Musician, singer, music director
Years active 1924–1980
Labels RAC and Shrimath
Website http://ra.chandrasena.org

R. A. Chandrasena (Sinhala: ආර්. ඒ. චන්ද්‍රසේන) was a Sri Lankan musician who earned his reputation as a highly talented and gifted artist and also by his contribution to the Sri Lankan music discipline and the industry during 1940–1980.

He commenced his career when he was twelve years old in late 1930s at his entry to the musical programmes in Radio Ceylon (now known as Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation) with his gifted talents in playing many musical instruments whatever came to his hands. Notably, excelling in keyboard instruments such as harmonium, piano accordion, piano, organ and also the oriental instruments such as tabla, mandolin and violin.

Chandrasena established his institute of music in December 1951 and titled it as Chandrasena Sangeethaayathanaya (Chandrasena Institute of Music). This institute turned out be the stepping stone for many musicians in that era and in the subsequent generation. R A Chandrasena provided his experties, knowledge and mentorship to many artists in a humble and relentless manner during his lifetime.

In 1969, Chandrasena launched a gramophone record company by which 45 RPM EP records were issued to the Sri Lankan Sinhala songs market under the labels of RAC and Shrimath. All the songs in these records were composed and music directed by R A Chandrasena and he managed to use the talents of many professional singers and lyrics writers effectively in these master pieces.

During his relatively short life, he achieved reputations as a professional composer, a singer, a drama/film music director, a music teacher and more over as a mentor for many musicians and artists at the early stages of their professional path, especially in refining their talents. Among the many, the key personalities who were well coached and mentored by Chandrasena are Dharmadasa Walpola (1949), Guruge Khemadasa Perera, later known as Premasiri Khemadasa (1953), and Victor Ratnayake (1962).

Life in brief (1924–1980)[edit]

Chandrasena was born on 27 August 1924 in Mahanuvara, much known as Kandy, in central Sri Lanka to a Sinhala Buddhist family. At birth, he was named as Ranasinghe Arachchige Chandrasena Perera. His parents were Ranasinghe Arachchige Jeiris Perera and Selesthina Dias Abeysinghe whose generations had been from Mahanuwara. Chandrasena was the third child of the eleven children in the family. His father was not a musician by profession, but a highly talented musician whose exposure could have influenced Chandrasena to admire music since his childhood.

Chandrasena was educated at Sri Rahula college in Kandy, Prince College in Kotahena and Sri Dharmaloka College in Keleniya. He had the previllege of being mentored by Ananda Samarakoon at Prince College, D B Dhanapala and C M Weerartne at Sri Dharmaloka College. D B Dhanapala was the principle at Sri Dharmaloka College who later became a veteran journalist in Sri Lanka and the Editor-in-Chief at DAVASA newspaper founded in 1961 by M. D. Gunasena and Company, Sri Lanka. C. M. Weeraratne was a teacher at Sri Dharmaloka College who later became the Vice Principal of Ananda College. Further, Chandrasena was also mentored and well supported by U A S Perera, well known as Siri Ayya in his children musical programmes at Radio Ceylon.

Sriyani Chandrasena
1946-Sriyani Chandrasena

In 1943, Chandrasena met a young talented singer, named Mohoppu Arachchige Shriyaawathie Perera who was later known as Sriyani Chandrasena, at an audition programme that was conducted at Radio Celyon. They got married on 26 July 1946. Sriyani had a brief career as a singer, but largely, she became the devoted lifetime supporting partner for Chandrasena in his all musical creations and events throughout. They had three children Thilangani, Lalith and Darshani.

R A Chandrasena died in the early hours of 1 March 1980, after a brief heart illness. Sriyani continued Chandrasena's vision and the practice at Chandrasena Sangeethaanayathanaya and prepared the youngest daughter Darshani Chandrasena Perera in the music profession. Darshani was graduated in music at the Faculty of Esthetic Studies at University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka and became a teaching professional in music.

Sriyani Chandrasena died on 4 August 2009.

Discography[edit]

Music Director[edit]

Year Film Songs Lyricist Recording Studio
1954 Ayiraanganee තරු පායන ආකාසේ - රුක්මණී සහ මොහිදීන් බෙග් (WN 550) A. J. D. SOYSA Madras Citadel Studio - India
ප්‍රීති වන්නේ ජීවිතේමයි - රුක්මණී දේවි - (WN 550)
සී පද - රුක්මණී දේවි (WN 551)
හඳ වාගේ මෝරා - එඩී ජයමාන්න සහ මේබල් බ්ලයිත් (WN 553)
ලෝ ජීවන කතරේ - මොහිදීන් බෙග්
මහද රාණී - මේල් බ්ලයිත් (WN 553)
දුප්පතාගේ සෑම - රුක්මණී දේවී (WN 549)
රාණීයෙන්කෝ - මොහිදීන් බෙග් සහ රුක්මණී (WN 551)
රස කිරි පොවා-රුක්මණී දේවි
මල් වාගේ දිලිසෙනා - එඩී ජයමාන්න (WN 552)
ප්‍රීති පීතී අපි දෙන්නා - එඩී ජයමාන්න සහ මේබල් (WN 552)
කාසියෙහි ආලේ
1955 Mathabedaya පෙම් සීන ලෝකේ මායා - මොහිදීන් බෙග් සහ රුක්මණී දේවී A. J. D. SOYSA Madras Film Central - India
සමුදුරේ සොයා - රුක්මණී දේවී සහ සූර්ය රාණී
දෙවියන්කෝ සමන් දෙවියන් - රුක්මණී දේවී
ගින්නෙකී හද මාගේ - මොහිදීන් බෙග් (WN580)
ආදර පාන සුදා - රුක්මණී දේවී
සම්පතකී සොඳ - සම්පතකී
ලෝකේ සිනමාවකී - මේබල් බ්ලයිත්
කැරකෙනවා මේ ලෝකේ - එඩී ජයමාන්න සහ මේබල් බ්ලයිත්
සංගීත සාගරේ
සිගාලයා
පෙම් මල් මාලා - රුක්මණී දේවී සහ මොහිදීන් බෙග්
1956 Daiva Vipaakaya සරා ගොයියා හරි මිනිහා - මේබල් බ්ලයිත් A. J. D. SOYSA Madras Film Central - India
සුරතලියේ - මොහිදීන් බෙග් සහ ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්
නීල අහසේ - ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්
සාගර හිමිය සොයා - මොහිදීන් බෙග් සහ ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්
සුදෝ සුදු රන් - මොහිදීන් බෙග්
දොයි දොයි දොයි පුත - මේබල් බ්ලයිත් (WN 580)
දන්වා ලෝකේ - මොහිදීන් බෙග්
සංගීත සාගරේ
ජාතික කලා රසේ - සමූහ
දෙව් ලොවේ මහා - ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්
1958 Vedi Bima ප්‍රේම දයාබර සුකොමලියා - ශ්‍රී ලාල් සහ සුජාතා පෙරේරා Adanda Samarakoon Lanka Chithragaraya - Narahenpita, Sri Lanka
සිරි සාර සුරම්‍ය වු - හරූන් ලන්ත්‍රා සහ චන්ද්‍රා ද සිල්වා පිරිස
පෙම් රාණී සසසුරම් - හරූන් ලන්ත්‍රා සහ සුජාතා පෙරේරා
නගර සමාජෙන් දුරුවී - මොහිදීන් බෙග් සහ පිරිස
හේ රාමා - ධර්මදාස වල්පොල

නැටුම් සංගීතයක්

1958 Vanaliya වන මල ඔයාද-මේල් බ්ලයිත් සහ ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්(WN650) A. J. D. SOYSA Lanka Chithragaraya - Narahenpita, Sri Lanka
කරුණා ජලේ
මවා ගිනි දැල්-ග්‍රේස් ජයමාන්න (WN648)
මල් පිපීලා-ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්(WN649)
දුප්පතාගේ ආණ්ඩුවයි මේ(WN649)
වාසි වුනා මෙදා සැරේ-ෂර්ලි බ්ලයිත්(WN650)
ආලෝකේ නසිනා-මොහිදීන් බෙග් (WN653)
මේ දුෂ්ට සමාජේ-(WN653)
මේ ලෝකේ මහා-මොහිදීන් බෙග් (WN652)
ආදරේ බැඳුනා-මේබල් බ්ලයිත්(WN652)
1966 Kolamba Hadayo ජීවිතේ ජීවිතේ- ධර්මදාස වල්පොල Karunaratne Abeysekara, Cyril A. Seelawimala Sarasavi Studio - Dalugama, Sri Lanka
ආලෝකේ දීලා- ලතා වල්පොල
සුහද ලීලාව-ලතා සහ ධර්මදාස වල්පොල
ගිම්හානේ ආවා-ධර්මදාස වල්පොල
සුව සෙත ලෝ සත- මිල්ටන් පෙරේරා
1972 Miringuwa ලස්සන මලකට- GSBරාණී පෙරේරා Karunaratne Abeysekara, Cyril A. Seelawimala Sarasavi Studio - Dalugama, Sri Lanka
දෙසඳුන් සුවඳ මැකී යයි - ලතා වල්පොල
මිහිලිය ගේ
සැංගීලා වන මල් මාලා - ලතා සහ ධර්මදාස වල්පොල
සීත මද නලේ - ලතා සහ ධර්මදාස වල්පොල
කිරි අයියේ - GSB රාණී පෙරේරා සහ

As a singer[edit]

Chandrasena's singing voice became much heard and popular by the famous song "Dasabaladhari Budu Raju Pera Kala" in 1948 March. This was the theme song of the stage drama Sanda Kinduri that was produced by Vasantha Kumara, a well reputed oriental dancer. The lyrics of the song was done by S L Kakulawela who later became the vice-chancellor of University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka. The lyrics was based on the story of a previous life (Chanda Kinnara Jaathakaya) of Gautama Buddha during which he was born as a mermaid species in the Himalayan mountain range in India. This song was composed by R A Chandrasena himself and this was supposed to be his first ever melody. This is still a well known and much respected song in the Sri Lankan music. The song was later reproduced and sung by his grandson Harshadewa Ariyasinghe on 23 May 2013.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harshadewa Ariyasinghe (2013-05-23), Dasabaladhari - Harshadewa, retrieved 2017-01-02 

External links[edit]