Charge cycle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A charge cycle is the process of charging a rechargeable battery and discharging it as required into a load. The term is typically used to specify a battery's expected life, as the number of charge cycles affects life more than the mere passage of time. Discharging the battery fully before recharging may be called "deep discharge"; partially discharging then recharging may be called "shallow discharge".

Each charge cycle can depend on how long it takes to be completed.[clarification needed] Each battery is affected differently by charge cycles.

In general, number of cycles for a rechargeable battery indicates how many times it can undergo the process of complete charging and discharging until failure or it starting to lose capacity.[1][2][3][4]

Apple Inc. clarifies that a charge cycle means using all the battery's capacity, but not necessarily by discharging it from 100% to 0%: "You complete one charge cycle when you’ve used (discharged) an amount that equals 100% of your battery’s capacity — but not necessarily all from one charge. For instance, you might use 75% of your battery’s capacity one day, then recharge it fully overnight. If you use 25% the next day, you will have discharged a total of 100%, and the two days will add up to one charge cycle."[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tony Bove (2 February 2010). iPod & iTunes For Dummies, Book + DVD Bundle. John Wiley & Sons. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-470-59070-6. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  2. ^ G. S. George (1 January 2007). Applied Science II. Technical Publications. p. 8. ISBN 978-81-8431-146-4. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  3. ^ United Nations (2009). Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria. United Nations Publications. p. 394. ISBN 978-92-1-139135-0. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  4. ^ Davide Andrea (2010). Battery Management Systems for Large Lithium Ion Battery Packs. Artech House. p. 189. ISBN 978-1-60807-105-0. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  5. ^ Batteries - Why Lithium-ion? - Apple