Charles Alexander Anderson

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Sir Charles Anderson
Charles Alexander Anderson in 1916.jpg
Anderson in 1916
Born (1857-02-10)10 February 1857
Died 20 February 1940(1940-02-20) (aged 83)
Ivybridge, Devon
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1876–1920
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Southern Army, India
Commander of British Troops in South China
Mohmand Field Force
1st Brigade
Battles/wars Jowaki Expedition
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
North-West Frontier
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Albert Medal
Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure (Japan)

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Alexander Anderson, KCB, KCIE, AM (10 February 1857 – 20 February 1940) was Commander of British Troops in South China.

Military career[edit]

Anderson was commissioned into the Royal Horse Artillery in 1876.[1]

He took part in the Jowaki-Afridi expedition 1877, the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1878 and the Burma expedition in 1885.[1] He went to the North West Frontier in India in 1897.[1]

He was awarded the Albert Medal for an event at Ferozepore on 30 August 1906 when a fire broke out in one of the Magazines of the Ferozepore Arsenal. The citation reads:

Major-General Anderson, who directed the subsequent operations from the roof at the edge of the Magazine Compound, at a distance of some 20 yards, having ordered all persons to be cleared out of the fort, and placed a cordon round it at 1,000 yards distance, a steam fire engine was got to work, and the fire party which had been organised commenced their highly dangerous task of clearing cell No. 8 in which was stored some 19,000 lbs of gunpowder; they eventually succeeded in so doing, thereby cutting off the fire by the intervention of an empty cell. Had the powder in this cell exploded, the explosion must have been communicated to cells in an adjoining magazine, where 300,000 lbs of gunpowder were stored.[2]

He was appointed Commander of 1st Brigade for the Bazaar Valley expedition in 1908,[1] and went on to be Commander of the Mohmand Field Force later that year.[1] He was appointed Commander of British Troops in South China in 1910.[1]

He served in the First World War as General Officer Commanding the Southern Army in India from 1917.[1] He retired in 1920.[1]

In 1921, he was conferred the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure by the emperor of Japan.[3]

Family[edit]

In 1893 he married Ellen Katherine Russell: they went on to have two sons.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ a b Heroes of the Albert Medal by Allan Stanistreet, page 12, Token Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1-870192-53-2
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32428. p. 6569. 19 August 1921. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Broadwood
Commander of British Troops in South China
1910–1913
Succeeded by
Francis Kelly
Preceded by
Sir Robert Scallon
GOC-in-C, Southern Army, India
1917–1919
Succeeded by
Sir William Marshall