Charles J. Mendelsohn
He graduated from the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia in 1896. He was a Harrison Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania, which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1900 and a PhD in 1904. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He joined the faculty of College of the City of New York as a tutor in Greek in 1905, becoming an instructor in 1907. He was a professor of ancient languages in 1917.
During World War I he served in the censorship department of the Post Office Department in 1917, dealing with foreign language, postal and newspaper censorship. His work came to the attention of Herbert Yardley and he was recruited into Military Intelligence, section 8 (MI-8). From 1918-19 he was a captain in the Military Intelligence Division of the War Department General Staff.
Return to civilian life
He returned to City College in 1920 as a professor of history. He remained interested in cryptography, writing papers and became interested in the history of the topic, collecting many books on it.
He remained in contact with Herbert Yardley and did part time cryptographic work for the Black Chamber. Together they published the Universal Trade Code, a commercial code. He wrote several works for the Black Chamber, including The Zimmermann Telegram of January 16, 1917 and its Cryptographic Background and Studies in German Diplomatic Codes Employed During the World War.
His library, which had been called "probably the most important cryptographic library in America, if not in the world" was bequeathed to the University of Pennsylvania.
- Studies in the Word-Play in Plautus
- The Zimmermann Telegram of January 16, 1917 and its Cryptographic Background
- Studies in German Diplomatic Codes Employed During the World War
- Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Jewish Encyclopedia. Funk & Wagnalls.
- Bandel, Jessica (9 November 2017). "Wilmingtonian Decodes German War Correspondence". North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2018.