|Born||September 14, 1845|
|Died||May 11, 1923 (aged 77)|
|Resting place||St Devenicks-on-the-Hill, Banchory-Devenick (Aberdeenshire)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Institutions||Marischal College, University of Aberdeen|
Life and work
Like his older brother, William Davidson Niven, Charles Niven studied at University of Cambridge and, tutored by Edward Routh, he obtained the senior wrangler in the mathematical tripos of 1867 (his brother in the preceding year). After graduation he taught mathematics at Cork.
From 1880, Niven was professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Aberdeen, and he was responsible for establishing the Phisics Department in the Marischal College when it was founded in 1906. He retired from professorship at the end of 1922.
- Flood, Raymond (2006). "Mathematics in Victorian Ireland". Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics. 21 (3): 200–211. doi:10.1080/17498430600964433. ISSN 1749-8430.
- Macdonald, H.M. (1923). "Charles Niven, 1845–1923 Obituary" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 104 (728): xxvii–xviii. doi:10.1098/rspa.1923.0126. ISSN 1364-5021.
- Warwick, Andrew (2003). "A very hard nut to crack". In Mario Biagioli, Peter Galison (eds.). Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science. Taylor & Francis. pp. 133–163. ISBN 978-0-415-94293-5.