Charles Niven

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Charles Niven
Charles Niven.jpg
Born(1845-09-14)September 14, 1845
Peterhead, Scotland
DiedMay 11, 1923(1923-05-11) (aged 77)
Aberdeen, Scotland
Resting placeSt Devenicks-on-the-Hill, Banchory-Devenick (Aberdeenshire)
57°06′47″N 2°11′47″W / 57.113051°N 2.196437°W / 57.113051; -2.196437
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge
Spouse(s)Mary Stewart
Scientific career
InstitutionsMarischal College, University of Aberdeen

Charles Niven (1845–1923) was a Scottish mathematician, brother of William Davidson Niven.

Life and work[edit]

Like his older brother, William Davidson Niven, Charles Niven studied at University of Cambridge and, tutored by Edward Routh, he obtained the senior wrangler in the mathematical tripos of 1867 (his brother in the preceding year).[1] After graduation he taught mathematics at Cork.[2]

From 1880, Niven was professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Aberdeen, and he was responsible for establishing the Phisics Department in the Marischal College when it was founded in 1906.[3] He retired from professorship at the end of 1922.[4]

He was fellow of the Royal Society from 1880 and honorary member of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society from 1883.


  1. ^ Warwick 2003, p. 154.
  2. ^ Macdonald 1923, p. xxvii.
  3. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, MacTutor History of Mathematics.
  4. ^ Macdonald 1923, p. xxviii.


  • Flood, Raymond (2006). "Mathematics in Victorian Ireland". Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics. 21 (3): 200–211. doi:10.1080/17498430600964433. ISSN 1749-8430.
  • Macdonald, H.M. (1923). "Charles Niven, 1845–1923 Obituary" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 104 (728): xxvii–xviii. doi:10.1098/rspa.1923.0126. ISSN 1364-5021.
  • Warwick, Andrew (2003). "A very hard nut to crack". In Mario Biagioli, Peter Galison (eds.). Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science. Taylor & Francis. pp. 133–163. ISBN 978-0-415-94293-5.

External links[edit]