Charles Todd Quintard
The Right Reverend
M.D., D.D., LL.D.
|Bishop of Tennessee|
Charles Quintard in about 1860
|Predecessor||James Hervey Otey|
|Successor||Thomas Frank Gailor|
|Other posts||Physician, Parish priest, Army chaplain, University vice-chancellor|
|Ordination||January 1, 1855 (deacon), January 6, 1856 (priest)|
|Consecration||October 11, 1865|
by Francis Fulford
|Born||December 22, 1824|
Stamford, Connecticut, United States
|Died||February 16, 1898 (aged 73)|
Meridian, Georgia, United States
Charles Todd Quintard (December 22, 1824 – February 15, 1898) was an American physician and clergyman who became the second bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee and the first Vice-Chancellor of the University of the South.
He was born in Stamford, Connecticut, to a Huguenot-descended family and attended school in New York City, including medical studies at University Medical College, New York University and Bellevue Hospital, graduating in 1847. Quintard moved to Athens, Georgia, in 1848 to take up a medical practice, then moved to Memphis in 1851 to teach physiology and pathological anatomy at Memphis Medical College. Dr. Quintard's 1854 report on Memphis mortality statistics was covered in The New York Times, including his assessment of the city as being "the first considerable place to be without the range of yellow fe-ver," a boast that was to prove incorrect in the 1870s, when Memphis experienced several yellow fever epidemics.
During this time, Quintard became friends with James Hervey Otey, the first bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee, resulting in his decision to give up the medical profession for the priesthood. A gentleman of great talents, Quintard studied for holy orders in 1854, was ordained in 1856, and subsequently served as the rector of Calvary Church in Memphis and at the Church of the Advent in Nashville.
An adherent of the Oxford Movement (1833-1845), Quintard described himself as a "high churchman" and a "ritualist", identifying with Anglicans who were reviving ritual practices associated, in the popular mind, with Roman Catholicism. In fact, the Oxford Movement leaders attempted to call the Anglican Church to her first principles and roots in history and tradition. To what degree Quintard was actually a Ritualist is a matter to debate. None of the Tractarians was a "ritualist," and the ritualism that developed in the Episcopal Church in the South was rather tame during Bishop Quintard's lifetime. Like Bishop Otey, he was of the Southern branch of the old High Church or Hobartian group of Episcopalians. The leaders of the Oxford Movement, also called "Tractarians" for the ninety Tracts for the Times they published, rediscovered the Church of the Creed as more than an institution or an arm of civil power. Quintard and his generation were deeply moved by the writings of faithful and brilliant Christian intellectuals such as John Keble (d. 1866), Edward Pusey (d. 1882), and John Henry Newman (d. 1890), who guided many Anglicans into a deeper appreciation of the Church as a God-made phenomenon and indeed the Body mystical of Christ in this world. Quintard's religion was as "Catholic and Reformed" most solid Anglicans, and he assumed in a manner which did not transcend his culture that the Church of England and her offspring were in fact the historic Catholic Church for English-speaking peoples.
After the outbreak of the American Civil War, Quintard joined the Rock City Guards, a Nashville militia, as chaplain. He was subsequently nominated by soldiers in the Confederate 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment, to serve as their chaplain. He accepted this invitation, despite his initial pro-Union stance, and also served as a regimental surgeon. Informally he was known as the Chaplain of the Confederacy. He was the compiler of the Confederate Soldiers' Pocket Manual of Devotions (Charleston, 1863).
The South's first post-war bishop
Bishop Otey died in 1863, but the Diocese of Tennessee was unable to elect a new leader until after the war, on September 7, 1865, when it selected Quintard as its second bishop. The bishops and lay leaders of the national Episcopal Church confirmed his election the next month at the General Convention in Philadelphia. The subsequent consecration of the South's first post-war bishop was viewed as a sign of healing within the church, as evidenced by this comment in the October 13, 1865 New York Times:
- The entire service was one to be long remembered by all who witnessed it, and the occasion was one fraught with interest and importance in the history of the Church, as it marked the first step toward that reunion in the Church consequent upon the rapid march of events and the peace which now happily blesses our whole land. It is to be hoped that the occasion will strengthen that harmony which prevails in the convention, and be productive of beneficial results.
Stewardship of The University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee
Quintard quickly launched rebuilding efforts in his diocese, which had suffered much physical and emotional distress during the war. He also led efforts to ensure the post-war survival of the fledgling University of the South at Sewanee, Tennessee. As the school's vice-chancellor (the institution's chief executive position, despite the name) Quintard sponsored the establishment of a training school for clergy there in 1866 and laid the cornerstone for St. Augustine's Chapel in 1867. He traveled to northern U.S. dioceses to raise funds for the university and went to England three times with the same purpose, returning with large sums of money and many books for the school's library.
Quintard Hall at the university was given by his brother George W. Quintard in 1900. Until 1908 it was the site of the grammar school, and from then until 1971 it was used by the Sewanee Military Academy. It is now a co-ed residence hall for the university. The University of the South remains an Episcopal institution and is a nationally admired center of the liberal education. The Sewanee Review (1892) is the oldest continuously published literary journal in the U.S., and the ideal of "Godliness and good learning" is alive and well in the very special place Quintard consecrated with his prayers and deepest wishes.
At the beginning of 1871, Quintard was presented with the first Episcopal cathedral in the South, when the parish church of St. Mary in Memphis symbolically presented him with keys to the building. While the bishop retained his ecclesiastical seat in Memphis, he continued to live in Sewanee with his family. He ceded the "Bishop's House" on the close of St. Mary's Cathedral to the sisters of the Community of St. Mary for their educational and humanitarian missions.
Quintard believed that his mission was to make the Episcopal Church in Tennessee “a refuge for all—the lame, halt and blind as well as the rich.” He opposed parish pew rents and fostered a ministry on behalf of the disadvantaged. Concerned by the effects of industrialization on workers, he established a refuge for the poor in Memphis in 1869, and in 1873 he advocated a plan to assist people lacking food, housing, and education. Quintard started missions for the laborers at foundries in South Pittsburg (1876) and in Chattanooga (1880). Hoping that the Episcopal Church would also expand its evangelistic work among African Americans, he opposed plans to segregate the black congregations of the denomination, and he assisted in the founding of Hoffman Hall, a seminary for African Americans adjacent to Fisk University in Nashville.
Although Bishop Quintard traveled five times to England, helping to mend relations with the Church of England, he also became involved in the Gallican movement in France. This started with an 1875 trip, a gift of his friend Sam Noble, to enroll his son George at a private school in Paris as well as to lead Sam's children Ned and Addie around England, France, Switzerland and Germany. He met Rev. Morgan Dix of Trinity Church, New York, who was laying a cornerstone for Victoria Chapel, as well as Père Hyacinthe Loyson.
Death and legacy
Quintard died in February 1898 in Meridian, Georgia, having traveled and stayed there in an effort to improve his health. Quintard is honored with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America on February 16.
- An address delivered before the graduating class of the Medical College of Georgia : March 1851 at the Internet Archive (1851)
- A report on the health and mortality of the city of Memphis, Tenn., for the year 1852 at the Internet Archive (1853)
- A few words about Lent at the Internet Archive (1861)
- The Confederate soldiers' pocket manual of devotions at the Internet Archive (1863)
- Balm for the weary and the wounded at the Internet Archive (1864)
- A plain tract on Confirmation, for parochial use at the Internet Archive (1864)
- A sermon preached in St. Luke's Church, Philadelphia, October 11, 1865, before the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, on the occasion of the consecration of the Rev. Charles Todd Quintard, M.D., as Bishop of the Diocese of Tennessee at the Internet Archive (1865)
- Doctor Quintard, Chaplain C.S.A. and Second Bishop of Tennessee at the Internet Archive (1905)
- Bishop Quintard's Samson sermon at the Internet Archive ()
- St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedral in Memphis
- Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee
- Sewanee: The University of the South
- https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00E14F8385C1B7B93C1A8178BD95F418684F9 retrieved 10 April 2011.
- The Episcopalians, David Hein and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (2004, Praeger Publishers), p. 279
- "Medical" New York Times, April 1, 1854.
- The History of the Church in the Diocese of Tennessee. Arthur Howard Noll (1900, James Pott & Co.)
- Cannon, Devereaux D., Jr. (Winter 1988). "Flags of the Rock City Guards". Tennessee Historical Quarterly. 47 (4): 191–197. JSTOR 42626747.
- Doctor Quintard, Chaplain and Second Bishop of Tennessee: Being His Story of the War, 1861-1865 (1905) by Charles Todd Quintard, edited by Arthur Howard Noll, The University Press of Sewanee, Tennessee.
- Reproduced at https://archive.org/stream/07794796.3866.emory.edu/07794796_3866#page/n3/mode/2up , retrieved September 6, 2017.
- Heraldry in America, Eugene Zieber, Bailey, Banks & Biddle Company, 1900
- https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00E14F8385C1B7B93C1A8178BD95F418684F9 retrieved 10 April 2011.
- Obituary, The New York Times, February 16, 1898
- Encyclopedia of religion in the South (2005), Charles Reagan Wilson. Mercer University Press.
- Quintard Hall The University of the South
- http://www.episcopalarchives.org/cgi-bin/ENS/ENSpress_release.pl?pr_number=2000-137 See second-to-last paragraph
- St. Mary's Cathedral 1858-1958, John H. Davis , published by the Chapter of St. Mary's Cathedral (Gailor Memorial), Memphis, Tennessee.
- The Episcopalians, David Hein and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (2004, Praeger Publishers), p. 280
- Richard Neil Greatwood, Charles Todd Quintard (1824-1898): His role and significance in the development of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Tennessee and in the South (Michigan, University Microforms, Vanderbilt PhD in Religion and HIstory 1977) pp. 140-141
- Documents by and about Quintard at Project Canterbury
- Works by Charles Todd Quintard at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Address by the Rt. Rev. Thomas Frank Gailor about Bishop Quintard and the University of the South
- Charles Todd Quintard in the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
- Doctor Quintard, Chaplain C. S. A. and Second Bishop of Tennessee From the Collections at the Library of Congress