Charles Townshend, 1st Baron Bayning

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Charles Townshend, 1st Baron Bayning PC (27 August 1728 – 19 May 1810) was a British politician.

Background and education[edit]

Bayning was the only son of the Hon. William Townshend, third son of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend. George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, Charles Townshend and Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, were his first cousins. His mother was Henrietta Powlett, daughter of Lord William Powlett. On his mother's side he was a female-line great-great-grandson of Anne, Viscountess Bayning, daughter of Paul Bayning, 1st Viscount Bayning. Bayning was educated at Eton and Clare College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career[edit]

He was Secretary to the British Embassy in Madrid between 1751 and 1756 and became known as "Spanish Charles" to distinguish him from his first cousin and namesake. In 1756 he was elected to the House of Commons for Great Yarmouth, a seat he held until 1784, and served as a Lord of the Admiralty from 1765 to 1770, as a Lord of the Treasury from 1770 to 1777 and as Joint Vice-Treasurer for Ireland from 1777 to 1782. Between April and December 1783 he was Treasurer of the Navy in the Fox-North Coalition. In 1777 Bayning was admitted to the Privy Council. He returned as Member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth in 1790, and continued to represent this constituency until 1796. The following year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bayning, of Foxley in the County of Berkshire.[2]

In 1807 he served as High Steward of Great Yarmouth. He lived at Honingham Hall in Norfolk.[3]


Lord Bayning married Annabella Smith-Powlett, daughter of Reverend Richard Smith and Annabella Powlett, in 1777. He died in May 1810, aged 81, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Charles. Lady Bayning died in 1825.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Townshend, Charles (TWNT742C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ "No. 14052". The London Gazette. 7 October 1797. p. 968. 
  3. ^ "Honingham: A Brief History of the Village". Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Edward Walpole
Charles Townshend
Member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth
With: Sir Edward Walpole 1756–1768
Richard Walpole 1768–1784
Succeeded by
Sir John Jervis
Henry Beaufoy
Preceded by
Sir John Jervis
Henry Beaufoy
Member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth
With: Henry Beaufoy 1790–1795
Stephens Howe 1795–1796
Succeeded by
Stephens Howe
Lord Charles Townshend
Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Dundas
Treasurer of the Navy
Succeeded by
Henry Dundas
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Bayning
Succeeded by
Charles Powlett