Charles Western, 1st Baron Western

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Charles Callis Western, 1st Baron Western (9 August 1767 – 4 November 1844), was a British landowner and Whig politician. He sat in the House of Commons for over forty years before his elevation to the peerage in 1833.

Background and education[edit]

Born at the family seat Rivenhall, Essex,[1] Western was the son of Charles Western, and Frances Shirley, daughter and heiress of William Bolland.[2] His father was killed in a chaise accident when Western was four-years-old, in which he was also present.[3] He was educated at Newcombe's School in Hackney, Eton and Queen's College, Cambridge.[4] When coming of age in 1788 he inherited the Rivenhall estate, which had been in the Western family since the second half of the 17th century,[3] and commissioned Humphrey Repton to give the Tudor house a new facade. However, two years later he left Rivenhall to his uncle and purchased Felix Hall in Kelvedon.[1]

Political career[edit]

Western was returned to parliament as one of two representatives for Maldon in 1790, a seat he held until 1806, when he was defeated by Benjamin Gaskell. However, Gaskell was unseated on petition the following year and Western was elected in his place. He continued to represent the constituency until 1812.[5] The latter year he was returned for Essex, a seat he held until the constituency was abolished in the Great Reform Act of 1832.[6] In parliament he was a supporter of agricultural and electoral reform.[1] He lost his seat at the 1832 general election but the following year he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Western, of Rivenhall in the County of Essex.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Western never married and the title became extinct on his death at Felix Hall in November 1844, aged 77. He entailed his estates to his cousin Thomas Western,[3] who was created a Baronet, of Rivenhall, in 1864.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Strutt
Sir Peter Parker, Bt
Member of Parliament for Maldon
1790–1801
With: Joseph Strutt
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Maldon
1801–1806
With: Joseph Strutt
Succeeded by
Joseph Strutt
Benjamin Gaskell
Preceded by
Joseph Strutt
Benjamin Gaskell
Member of Parliament for Maldon
1807–1812
With: Joseph Strutt
Succeeded by
Joseph Strutt
Benjamin Gaskell
Preceded by
Sir Eliab Harvey
John Archer-Houblon
Member of Parliament for Essex
1812–1832
With: John Archer-Houblon 1812–1820
Sir Eliab Harvey 1820–1830
Thomas Gardiner Bramston 1830
Sir John Tyrell, Bt 1830–1831
Hon. William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley 1831–1832
Constituency abollisshed
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Western
1833–1844
Extinct