15 February 1910|
Affori, Milan, Italy
|Died||17 February 1980
|Medium||circus, theatre, television|
Background and career
Born in Affori, Milan, Italy to a travelling circus family of French origin, he began his performing career at the age of seven, under the name "Carletto". He met Violetta Fratellini, who was also from a circus family, in 1934 when they were both working at the Cirque Medrano at Montmartre: he was with his father in a clown act, and she was in a knockabout acrobatic act, "The Tomboys Girls". While she watched him perform he spotted her, and serenaded her on his clarinet. By Christmas that same year they were married.
In early 1939 the Cairolis appeared at the Circus Krone in Munich, in a special performance attended by Adolf Hitler, who afterward presented Cairoli with a watch. In September, when World War II broke out, Cairoli was performing at the Blackpool Tower Circus for the first time; in response to the news of war, he walked to the end of North Pier in Blackpool and threw the watch into the Irish Sea. He chose to stay in the town, where he lived for the rest of his life.
In 1943 he appeared in Happidrome a film based on the radio series of the same name. In 1952 he appeared in the crime drama film, Secret People. On 11 and 25 November 1962 he performed his clown act on the American television variety show, The Ed Sullivan Show on CBS. On 1 January 1966 he appeared on David Nixon's Comedy Bandbox. He also appeared on the American television variety show on ABC The Hollywood Palace twice in 1966, first on 8 January, performing as Charles Cairoli and Company then on 7 May when he was introduced as a "British Comic Pantomimist".
Cairoli was distinguished in his act by wearing a red nose and a Charlie Chaplin-style bowler hat, eyebrows, and costume, and a moustache slightly larger than Chaplin's. He rose to prominence in the United Kingdom in the 1970s owing to his frequent television appearances, not least on his long-running children's show Right Charlie!. He was possibly the best-known clown on British television at one time, and had a career that spanned well over forty years.
He performed at Blackpool Tower Circus every summer season for forty years, a world record for the most performances at a single venue. Out of season he also performed on stage in variety shows and pantomime, including the Grand Theatre in Leeds and Alhambra in Bradford. His appearance in Jack and the Beanstalk in 1972 was the most successful pantomime at Leeds City Varieties and later that year he brought Christmas shopping to a standstill as he led hundreds of youngsters through the streets of Leeds and herded them to the City Varieties where he gave a special show to 600 invited children.
In June 1979, ill health forced his withdrawal from the Tower Circus ring and he was admitted to hospital suffering from exhaustion. He finally announced his retirement in November of that year; he was 69.
In February 2000 in Blackpool, Cairoli was awarded a posthumous Lifetime Achievement award from the World's Fair circus newspaper. It was presented to his widow Violetta by ventriloquist Keith Harris, in the presence of the television personality Jeremy Beadle.
Cairoli had three children with his wife, Violetta. He died peacefully in his sleep at his home, 129 Warley Road, North Shore, Blackpool, on 17 February 1980. Five days later he was cremated at Carleton Crematorium in Poulton-le-Fylde, where he is commemorated at rose bed 64.
His son, Charlie Cairoli Junior, adapted the role his father had made famous, although performing more cabaret and pantomime rather than in the circus. Violetta died in Blackpool on 16 November 2002.
Charlie Cairoli's name entered popular usage as a reference for clowns in general. The 2004 Chumbawamba song Just Desserts (about pieing) explicitly compares Cairoli's clown behaviour to the anarchist viewpoints espoused by Peter Kropotkin. Similarly, when Garry Bushell criticised The Verdict, he said that "to call it Clown Court would be an insult to Charlie Cairoli". Welsh pop group The Hepburns recorded a song entitled, "Charlie Cairoli's Ghost".
In July 2008, Blackpool Council cabinet member, Tony Williams called for the erection of a statue of Cairoli in the resort, saying, "I have always wanted a statue of Charlie Cairoli in the town; after all he was the most famous clown in the world and brought more visitors to the town than any other single entertainer. Charlie has never been truly recognised for his massive contribution to Blackpool and we should honour our local heroes." The statue was subsequently erected in Blackpool's Stanley Park, but became the target of constant vandalism; on 23 October 2013, the statue was moved to within Blackpool Tower.
- Charlie Cairoli, by Dominique Jando, at Circopedia; retrieved 9 July 2014
- "Obituaries: Violetta Cairoli". The Daily Telegraph. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- "Charlie Cairoli". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- Thorpe, John (2 November 2007). "Years of a clown: Leeds panto star Charlie Cairoli". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- "The Clown Prince Is Dead". Blackpool Gazette. 18 February 1980.
- "Bushell On The Box (via the Internet Archive)". Gary Bushell. Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
- "The Hepburns". last.fm. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- Dunthorne, Steve (July 2008). "Blackpool sculpture takes funny turn". Blackpool Gazette. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- Towering comedy genius where he belongs, by Shelagh Parkinson, in the Blackpool Gazette; published 23 October 2013; retrieved 23 October 2013