Charlie Green (musician)

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For other people named Charlie Green, see Charlie Green (disambiguation).
Charlie Green
Birth name Charles Green
Also known as Long Boy; Big Green[1]
Born 1893
Omaha, Nebraska, United States
Died November 27, 1935(1935-11-27) (age 41-42)
New York City, United States
Genres Jazz
Occupation(s) Musician
Instruments Trombone

Charlie Green (1893 – November 27, 1935)[2][3] was an American jazz musician, who was born in Omaha, Nebraska, and died in New York City. He was one of the early jazz trombonists and the soloist in the Fletcher Henderson orchestra (joining slightly before Louis Armstrong).

Biography[edit]

He played locally in Omaha between 1920 and 1923, before his two stints with Henderson (July 1924 and April 1926; and late 1928 to early 1929). Described as "A superior blues player who could also swing fairly early", Green played on several Bessie Smith recordings,[4] notably "Trombone Cholly" featuring his trombone, along with biographical lyrics praising his playing.

Green also recorded in the 1920s with several other blues singers, and also worked with the bands of Benny Carter (1929–1931 and 1933), Chick Webb (several times during 1930-1934), Jimmie Noone (1931), Don Redman (1932), and at the end with Kaiser Marshall. In 1928 Green played in the orchestra of the revue Keep Shufflin' together with Fats Waller and James P. Johnson.

According to jazz historian John Chilton (in his book Who's Who of Jazz) Green's premature death was from passing out on his doorstep in Harlem on a cold February night after having been unable to get into his home, and thus freezing to death.[5] This story was disputed by Frederick J. Spencer, M.D., in his book Jazz and Death, Medical Profiles of Jazz Greats (ISBN 978-1578064533).

A folk song, known by various names, was recorded as "Charlie Green, Play That Slide Trombone", performed by Jim Croce appears on the album Facets (1966) and on the album, The Faces I've Been (1975). It has been also performed and recorded by Bessie Smith (as "Trombone Cholly"), Hoyt Axton, and Chicago area folksinger, Jim Craig.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bob Zieff. "Green, Charlie". In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 349. ISBN 978-0313344237. 
  3. ^ Green, Charlie - Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians, Jazz.com Archived September 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Scott Yanow -All Music Guide To Jazz -ISBN 0-87930-530-4
  5. ^ John Chilton: Who's Who of Jazz (5th edition, London 1989)

Bibliography[edit]