|Senator for Inkerman, Quebec|
January 16, 1984
|Nominated by||Pierre Trudeau|
|Appointed by||Edward Schreyer|
|Preceded by||Maurice Lamontagne|
June 29, 1944 |
Fort Chimo, Kuujjuaq, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Senate Liberal|
|Committees||The Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples, The Standing Senate Committee on Fisheries and Oceans|
Charlie Watt (born June 29, 1944) is a Canadian Senator.
James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (1975)
At a meeting of representatives from Northern Quebec Inuit communities, held in Inoucdjouac in April 1971, Charlie Watt was elected as one of the six founding directors of the Northern Quebec Inuit Association, incorporated in June 8, 1972, (now the Makivik Corporation).[Notes 1] Although Robert Bourassa was convinced of the viability and economic importance of a massive hydroelectric project on Inuit and Cree traditional lands, since his first meeting, on December 16, 1969, with then, Hydro-Québec president, it was only when Bourassa, became Premier of Quebec on April 29, 1970, that the project was officially introduced in the provincial cabinet in March 1971, and announced to the public in April 30, 1971. The James Bay Hydroelectric Development Project ignored the rights of the Inuit and Cree who lived in northern James Bay and northern Quebec. In 1972 the NQIA and the Quebec Association of Indians applied for an injunction to stop the hydro "project of the century" to the Quebec Superior Court. Although the original ruling in their favour was overturned, by 1975 they had successfully negotiated the "first major comprehensive land claims agreement in northern Canada, heralding in a new era in aboriginal land claims." The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA), signed in November 1975, was one of three landmark court decisions that brought about "an important shift in the recognition of the rights of First Nations in Canada."
Watt served as co-chair of the Inuit Committee on National Issues from 1979 to 1984 and has also served with the Nunavik Constitutional Committee and the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada. Senator Watt also served on the Board of the Circumpolar Chamber of Commerce as one of its first directors. An Officer of the National Order of Quebec (1994), Watt is also the 1997 recipient of the National Aboriginal Achievement Award (now known as the Indspire Awards).
Watt was educated at schools in: Kuujjuaq (Fort Chimo), Quebec; Yellowknife, NWT; Kingston, Ontario; Ottawa, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Brandon, Manitoba.
He is married to Ida (Epoo), and is father to Donald, Robert, Lisa, Billy, and Charlene.
Watt was appointed to the Senate on January 16, 1984, by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Appointed at age 39, Watt is the second-youngest person at appointment who is currently serving in the Senate. Senator Charlie Watt represents the province of Quebec and the Senatorial Division of Inkerman. He has served in the Senate of Canada since January 16, 1984.
- The five other directors were Lazarusie Epoo, Johnny Watt, Jacob Oweetaltuk, Silas Cookie, and Tommy Cain.
- AANDC (7 June 2011), First Nations in Canada, Gatineau, Quebec: Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, retrieved 22 September 2013
- Gravel, Pierre; Vennat, Pierre (1979), "Robert Bourassa : "Il ne sera pas dit que nous vivrons pauvrement sur une terre aussi riche"", in Leroux, Roger, La Baie James : projet du siècle (in French), Montreal: La Presse, pp. 5–6
- GC (n.d.), Senator: Charlie Watt: Liberal Party of Canada, Parliament of Canada, retrieved 23 September 2013
- Taqralik (June–July 1974), "Northern Quebec Inuit Association Formed", Taqralik Magazine (2nd ed.), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, archived from the original on 4 May 2013, retrieved 22 September 2013
- JBNGA (2010), The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) was signed in November 1975., Makivik Corporation, retrieved 22 September 2013
- Lacasse, Roger (1983), Baie James, une épopée, Montreal: Libre Expression, ISBN 2-89111-109-5