Chenini Formation

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Chenini Formation
Stratigraphic range: Albian
Type Geological formation
Underlies Oum ed Diab Formation
Overlies Douiret Formation
Primary Sandstone
Other Conglomerate, Mudstone
Region Africa
Country  Tunisia

The Chenini Formation is a geological formation in Tunisia whose strata date back to the Albian stage of the Cretaceous period. The lithology consists of coarse sandstones with occasional conglomerates and mudstones.[1] Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[2]

Vertebrate paleofauna[edit]

The Chenini Formation during the Early Cretaceous period was a marsh-like habitat with swamps and plenty of water. The most famous dinosaur discoveries made here include Carcharodontosaurus and Spinosaurus.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Benton, Michael J.; Bouaziz, Samir; Buffetaut, Eric; Martill, David; Ouaja, Mohamed; Soussi, Mohamed; Trueman, Clive (2000-04). "Dinosaurs and other fossil vertebrates from fluvial deposits in the Lower Cretaceous of southern Tunisia". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 157 (3-4): 227–246. doi:10.1016/s0031-0182(99)00167-4. ISSN 0031-0182.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Africa)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 571-573. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  3. ^ Buffetaut, E & Ouaja, M (2002) A new specimen of Spinosaurus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia, with remarks on the evolutionary history of the Spinosauridae. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 173: 415–421. doi:10.2113/173.5.415
  4. ^ BENTON, M. J., BOUAZIZ, S., BUFFETAUT, E., MARTILL, D. M., OUAJA, M., SOUSSI, M. & TRUEMAN, C. (2000): Dinosaurs and other fossil vertebrates from fluvial deposits in the Lower Cretaceous of southern Tunisia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 157: 227–246.