Chersiphron

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Model of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Chersiphron (/ˈkɜːrsfrɒn/; Greek: Χερσίφρων; fl. 6th century BC), an architect of Knossos in ancient Crete, was the builder of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, on the Ionian coast.[1] The temple had been begun about 600 BC, and was completed by other architects.

Chersiphron and his son Metagenes were co-authors of its building.

The Artemision was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in each of its three manifestations: it was destroyed in 550 BC, rebuilt, burned by Herostratus in July 356 BC[1] and rebuilt again.

The architect's name is recalled in Vitruvius, and in a passage of Pliny as "Ctesiphon", perhaps in confusion with the great Parthian city of the same name on the river Tigris.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chersiphron". Encyclopædia Britannica 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 85. 

External links[edit]