both in Senegal
Taxonomy and systematics
- Senegal chestnut-backed finch-lark (E. l. melanocephalus) - (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Alauda. Found from Senegal and Gambia to central Sudan
- E. l. leucotis - (Stanley, 1814): Found in southern and eastern Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and north-western Somalia
- East African chestnut-backed finch-lark (E. l. madaraszi) - (Reichenow, 1902): Found from southern Somalia and Kenya to northern Malawi and northern Mozambique
- E. l. hoeschi - White, CMN, 1959: Found from southern Angola and northern Namibia to western Zimbabwe
- South African chestnut-backed finch-lark (E. l. smithi) - (Bonaparte, 1850): Found from southern Zambia and southern Malawi to eastern South Africa
This is a small lark at 11 cm. The male is striking, with solid black underparts and head apart from brilliant white patches on the nape and behind the eyes. The upperparts and wings are chestnut with some dark streaking. The thick bill is grey.
The female chestnut-backed sparrow-lark is a drabber bird with heavily streaked buff-white underparts and head, and a white nape collar. The upperparts are chestnut with mottling. Young birds are like the female.
Distribution and habitat
This lark is a bird of open dry habitats.
Behaviour and ecology
It nests on the ground and lays one egg. Its food is insects and seeds.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Eremopterix leucotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Eremopterix leucotis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.
- Birds of The Gambia by Barlow, Wacher and Disley, ISBN 1-873403-32-1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eremopterix leucotis.|
- Chestnut-backed sparrow-lark - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.