|Chew Green (Ad Fines)|
Chew Green Roman camp
Chew Green (Ad Fines) shown within Northumberland
|OS grid reference|
Chew Green is the site of the ancient Roman encampment Ad Fines in Northumberland, England, 8 miles (13 km) north of Rochester and 9 miles (14 km) west of Alwinton. The encampment was adjacent to Dere Street, a Roman road that stretched south to York (Eboracum), and almost on the present-day border with Scotland.
Archaeological excavation at Chew Green has uncovered a complex of Roman military camps consisting of a Roman fort, two fortlets, two camps and a section of Roman road. The Roman remains were overlaid with evidence of a medieval settlement that included a small chapel. The largest camp structure is a square that encloses about 17 acres (7 ha) with a defensive rampart and ditch. Evidence inside the fort indicates it was used as permanent settlement. Ad Fines likely served only as a military base, not a colonial settlement.
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- Richmond, I.A., & Keeney, G.S. (1937). Archaeologia Aeliana (4th Series) 14, 129–50.
- Stuart, R. (1845). Caledonia Romana: A Descriptive Account of the Roman Antiquities of Scotland. London, UK: Bell and Bradfute.