Chew Green

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Chew Green (Ad Fines)
Chew Green Roman camp - - 14252.jpg
Chew Green Roman camp
Chew Green (Ad Fines) is located in Northumberland
Chew Green (Ad Fines)
Chew Green (Ad Fines)
Chew Green (Ad Fines) shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NT787086
Coordinates 55°22′16″N 2°20′13″W / 55.371°N 2.337°W / 55.371; -2.337Coordinates: 55°22′16″N 2°20′13″W / 55.371°N 2.337°W / 55.371; -2.337
List of places

Chew Green is the site of the ancient Roman encampment Ad Fines in Northumberland, England,[1] 8 miles (13 km) north of Rochester and 9 miles (14 km) west of Alwinton. The encampment was adjacent to Dere Street, a Roman road that stretched south to York (Eboracum), and almost on the present-day border with Scotland.

Archaeological excavation at Chew Green has uncovered a complex of Roman military camps consisting of a Roman fort, two fortlets, two camps and a section of Roman road. The Roman remains were overlaid with evidence of a medieval settlement that included a small chapel. The largest camp structure is a square that encloses about 17 acres (7 ha) with a defensive rampart and ditch. Evidence inside the fort indicates it was used as permanent settlement. Ad Fines likely served only as a military base, not a colonial settlement.[2]

The site is within the Northumberland National Park and within the Military Training Area at Otterburn.

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  1. ^ Richmond, I.A., & Keeney, G.S. (1937). Archaeologia Aeliana (4th Series) 14, 129–50.
  2. ^ Stuart, R. (1845). Caledonia Romana: A Descriptive Account of the Roman Antiquities of Scotland. London, UK: Bell and Bradfute.