Chicago Black Hawks (American football)
The Chicago Black Hawks were an all-African American professional team created in 1928 by Fritz Pollard.
The Black Hawks played against white teams around Chicago, but enjoyed their greatest success by scheduling exhibition games against West Coast teams during the winter months.
Fritz Pollard was a quarterback, running back, coach and owner for this team.
Due to poor attendance and the country's economic situation, the team played most of its games on the road and disbanded, three years later, in 1932 while playing on the West Coast. Pollard would later return to barnstorming in 1936 with the Harlem Brown Bombers.
- Peterson, R.W. (1996). Pigskin:The Early Years of Pro Football. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 177. ISBN 9780195353303. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- Ross, C.K. (2005). Race and Sport: The Struggle for Equality on and Off the Field. University Press of Mississippi. p. 15. ISBN 9781578068975. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
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