First edition (publ. Edições Claridade)
|Author||Baltasar Lopes da Silva|
Chiquinho is a Capeverdean novel written by Baltasar Lopes da Silva in 1936 and published in 1947. The story is named after the nickname of the island of São Nicolau in which the characters originated. The probability of the literary work is the most common in Cape Verde, it marked the beginning of the typical literature in Cape Verde along with local themes in Creole culture. Along with Claridade, Baltazar Lopes participated with Manuel Lopes and Jorge Barbosa with founded members of the review and the name was the movement in the main activists of the same.
The development of the novel began in the 1930, cultural material were developed up to 1936 and featured other Cape Verdean writers including (Nhô Chi’Ana, Nhô João Joana, Nhô Loca, Sr. Euclides Varanda, Chico Zepa, Manuel de Brito “Parafuso”, José Lima, etc. The remainder were done from 1938 and was finished in 1941 in Lisbon, six years later, it was published in Portugal. It was later published in Cape Verde and it was popular mainly after independence.
The novel is organized into three parts:
- 1. "Childhood" (Infância), in which the protagonist Chiquinho lives with his family and community in the village of Caleijão on the island of São Nicolau and learns his first letters.
- 2. "São Vicente," in which Chiquinho continues his education in high school on the island of São Vicente, where he meets new friends and his first love Nuninha. Chiquinho and his classmates found the Grémio, an association and a journal that is very similar to Claridade, in the sense that it attempts to change the social environment of the archipelago.
- 3. "The Waters" (As Águas), the third and final part of the novel, in which Chiquinho returns to his island and becomes a teacher. This part is focused on the calamity of drought, a major problem in Cape Verde of his time, which results in famine (see Famine in Cape Verde) and many deaths. At the end of the novel, Chiquinho emigrates on a steamboat to the United States with the hope of a better life.
- Carvalho, Alberto, p. 245-252
- "Baltasar Lopes da Silva - April 23, 1907 - May 28, 1989". RTC. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Chiquinho and Baltasar: Mark of Cape Verde's literature". Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Carling, Jørgen. 2004. Emigration, return and development in Cape Verde: the impact of closing borders. Population, Space and Place 10(2): p. 113-132.
- Carvalho, Alberto. 1989. De Baltasar Lopes, a Obra e o Homem. (Baltasar Lopes, Work and Men) Revista ICALP, vols. 16 e 17, June-September 1989, p. 245-252.
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