In Greek mythology, the name Chloris (//; Greek Χλωρίς Khlōris, from χλωρός khlōros, meaning "greenish-yellow", "pale green", "pale", "pallid", or "fresh") appears in a variety of contexts. Some clearly refer to different characters; other stories may refer to the same Chloris, but disagree on details.
Chloris was a Nymph associated with spring, flowers and new growth, believed to have dwelt in the Elysian Fields. Roman authors equated her with the goddess Flora, suggesting that the initial sound of her name may have been altered by Latin speakers (a popular etymology). Myths had it that she was abducted by (and later married) Zephyrus, the god of the west wind (which, as Ovid himself points out, was a parallel to the story of his brother Boreas and Oreithyia). She was also thought to have been responsible for the transformations of Adonis, Attis, Crocus, Hyacinthus and Narcissus into flowers.
Meliboea was one of Niobe and Amphion's fourteen children (the Niobids), and the only one (or one of two) spared when Artemis and Apollo killed the Niobids in retribution for Niobe's insult to their mother Leto, bragging that she had many children and Leto had only two. Meliboea was so frightened by the ordeal, she turned permanently pale, changing her name to Chloris ("pale one"). Pausanias mentioned a statue of Chloris near the sanctuary of Leto in Argos. In another version, she is a daughter of Teiresias.
Chloris, wife of Zephyr
Another Chloris is the daughter of a different Amphion (himself son of Iasus, king of Orchomenus) by "Persephone, daughter of Minyas" [sic]. Chloris was said to have married Neleus and become queen in Pylos. It is, however, not always clear whether she or the above Chloris is mentioned in this role.
Chloris and Zephyr had several sons including Nestor, Alastor and Chromius and a daughter Pero. Chloris also gave birth to Periclymenus while married to Neleus, though by some accounts Periclymenus's father was Poseidon (who was himself Neleus's father as well). Poseidon gave Periclymenus the ability to transform into any animal. Other children include Taurus, Asterius, Pylaon, Deimachus, Eurybius, Phrasius, Eurymenes, Evagoras and Epilaus (or Epileon). Some say that Chloris was mother only of three of Neleus' sons (Nestor, Periclymenus and Chromius), whereas the rest were his children by different women, but other accounts explicitly disagree with the statement.
Odysseus is said to have encountered Chloris on his journey to Hades. Pausanias describes a painting by Polygnotus of Chloris among other notable women in the underworld, leaning against the knees of her friend Thyia.
Chloris (Mother of Mopsus)
Chloris, daughter of Orchomenus, married the seer Ampyx (son of Elatus), with whom she had a child Mopsus who also became a renowned seer and would later join the Argonauts. The Argonautica Orphica calls her by a different name, Aregonis.
- Ovid, Fasti, 5. 195 ff
- Theoi.com - Chloris
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 5. 6, referring to Telesilla
- Hyginus, Fabulae, 9-10
- Tzetzes, Chiliades, 4. 422
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 21. 9
- Scholia on Pindar, Nemean Ode 9. 57; in scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 834 were mentioned the names of her mother (Xanthe?), herself and her two siblings, but the text is badly corrupt.
- Homer, Odyssey, 11. 284: "the youngest daughter"; Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 36. 8; cf. also Strabo, Geography, 8. 3. 19
- Scholia on Odyssey, 11. 281, citing Pherecydes
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 9. 9
- Aristarchus in scholia on Iliad, 11. 692; Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 152 — apparently following Odyssey 11. 285, where only Nestor, Chromius and Periclymenus are enumerated
- Bibliotheca 1. 9. 9; Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 68. 6; Hyginus, Fabulae, 10
- Homer's Odyssey, 11, 281-296
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 29. 5
- Tzetzes on Lycophron, 881
- Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 65
- Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
- Argonautica Orphica, 126
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