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Chloritis biomphala shell.jpg
three views of the shell of Chloritis biomphala
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Camaenidae
Subfamily: Camaeninae
Genus: Chloritis
Beck, 1837[1]

Chloritis is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Camaenidae.

The genus Chloritis is restricted to South-east Asia (from China to India and up to New Guinea) with numerous species having usually small distributional ranges.[2]

Shell description[edit]

The conchological characters of the species belonging to the genus Chloritis are the more or less compact shells, the biconcave or a hardly elevated spire.[2] The first whorls are quite narrow, rounded, the apical ones with regularly arranged granules or hair pits.[2] Last whorl is widened suddenly, with a more or less open umbilicus.[2] The aperture is lunate. The peristome is reflected, connected in most cases by a thin callus.[2]


Some researchers divided the genus Chloritis in a number of rather poorly defined subgenera, or even consider these subgenera as genera.[2] The characters used for these separations are only shell features; unfortunately from only a few species the anatomy is known.[2] Here the more conservative systematic classification (only one genus Chloritis) is followed as proposed by Vaught (1989).[2][3]

Species within the genus Chloritis include:


This article incorporates CC-BY-3.0 text from the reference.[2]

  1. ^ (Latin) Beck H. (1837). Index molluscorum praesentis aevi musei principis augustissimi Christiani Frederici 1-124. Hafniae. page 29.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Maassen W. J. M. (2009). "Remarks on the genus Chloritis in Sulawesi, Indonesia, with the descriptions of two new species (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Camaenidae)". Zoologische Mededelingen 83 HTM.
  3. ^ Vaught K. C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca: i-xii, 1-195. American Malacologists, Inc., Melbourne, Florida, USA.