2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium chloride OR (2-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride
3D model (Jmol)
|E number||E1001iii (additional chemicals)|
|Molar mass||139.62 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||White or deliquescent crystals|
|Melting point||302 °C (576 °F; 575 K) (decomposes)|
|very soluble (>650 g/l)|
|Safety data sheet||External MSDS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Choline chloride is mass-produced and is an important additive in feed especially for chickens where it accelerates growth. It forms a deep eutectic solvent with urea, ethylene glycol, glycerol and many other compounds. Other commercial choline salts are choline hydroxide and choline bitartrate. In foodstuffs the compound is often present as phosphatidylcholine. It is also used as a clay control additive in fluids used for hydraulic fracturing.
- "Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations - Choline Chloride" (PDF).
- Johnson Matthey Process Technology - Choline chloride licensed process
- "Choline chloride" (PDF). Screening Information Data Set (SIDS) for High Production Volume Chemicals. IPCS INCHEM.
- "What Chemicals Are Used". FracFocus. Retrieved 19 September 2014.