Churamiti

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Churamiti
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Churamiti
Channing and Stanley, 2002[2]
Species: C. maridadi
Binomial name
Churamiti maridadi
Channing and Stanley, 2002[2]

Churamiti maridadi is a species of toad endemic to Tanzania and only known from its type locality in the Mamiwa-Kisara Forest Reserve in the Ukaguru Mountains.[1][3] It is the only member of the monotypic genus Churamiti.[4][5] Only four specimens are known.[1] The scientific name is derived from the Swahili words chura meaning toad or frog, miti meaning tree, and maridadi meaning beautiful, for the descriptive "beautiful tree-toad".[2]

Description[edit]

The two females in the type series measure 53.3 and 56.5 mm (2.10 and 2.22 in) in snout–vent length. The head is wide, flattened, and with a snout that is blunt in profile. The eyes are protruding; the upper eyelid is glandular. The back, deep metallic yellow in colour, is smooth but has many rounded, glandular warts that extend on to the limbs and are of striking reddish-brown colour. The limbs are partly yellow, partly pinkish. The finger and toe tips are large and expanded.[2]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

All specimens have collected from moist valleys at elevations of 1,800–1,850 m (5,910–6,070 ft) above sea level. It lives arboreally. It is listed as a critically endangered species due to a restricted range and habitat loss.[1]

Map showing the distribution in Tanzania
Map showing the distribution in Tanzania
Distribution of Churamiti maridadi in Tanzania

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2015). "Churamiti maridadi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T54802A13323134. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Channing, Alan; Stanley, W. T. (2002). "A new tree toad from the Ukaguru mountains, Tanzania". African Journal of Herpetology. 51 (2): 121–128. doi:10.1080/21564574.2002.9635467. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Churamiti maridadi Channing and Stanley, 2002". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Churamiti Channing and Stanley, 2002". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.