Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Warsaw

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Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Kościół Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny (Polish)
Kościół Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny w Warszawie 2017.jpg
Church of the Visitation, Warsaw
General information
Architectural style Brick Gothic
Town or city Warsaw
Country Poland
Construction started 1409
Completed 1411
Demolished 1944
Client Janusz I the Old
St. Mary's Church, painting by Bernardo Bellotto, 1770.
St. Mary's Church as seen from the bank of Vistula river.

The Church of the Visitation of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary (Polish: Kościół Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny), otherwise known as St. Mary's Church (Kościół Mariacki) is a church in Warsaw, Poland. It is one of oldest buildings and one of the few surviving examples of Gothic architecture in the city. It is located at ulica Przyrynek 2.

History[edit]

St. Mary's Church stands on the site of an ancient pagan place of worship.[1] The church's foundation stone was laid by Janusz I the Old, Duke of Masovia and his wife, Danutė of Lithuania, in 1409. The church was consecrated in 1411. It has been modified, demolished and rebuilt several times. Originally it had one nave, was made of bricks, had a ceiling and an arch presbytery, before the end of the 15th century it was transformed into a three nave basilica.

The church's most striking characteristic is the tower, built in 1518. It is recognizable from a great distance and is depicted in the oldest images of Warsaw.

During World War II, the church was severely damaged by German forces - the roof of the nave collapsed and the upper portion of the tower was blown up.[2][3] It was reconstructed in 1947-1966 to the design by Beata Trylińska.[4]

Behind the church is small park with a set of steps that lead down to the Vistula and the so named Kościuszko banks of the river. In the square there are outdoor theatre performances and concerts which are organized locally.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Churches". inyourpocket.com. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  2. ^ "Historia Kościoła Najświętszej Marii Panny". Parafia Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny (in Polish). Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  3. ^ "kościół p.w. Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny". warszawa1939.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Church of Visitation of Blessed Virgin Mary". Treasures of Warsaw on-line. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  5. ^ "Walking route of The Visitor free city guide". thevisitor.pl. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°15′15″N 21°0′33″E / 52.25417°N 21.00917°E / 52.25417; 21.00917