Circumflex scapular artery
|Circumflex scapular artery|
The scapular and circumflex arteries. (Scapular circumflex visible at center.)
The axillary artery and its branches. (Scap. cir. visible near center.)
|Latin||arteria circumflexa scapulae|
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (June 2015)|
It curves around the axillary border of the scapula, traveling through the anatomical "Triangular space" made up of the Teres minor superiorly, the Teres major inferiorly, and the long head of the Triceps laterally.
It enters the infraspinatous fossa under cover of the Teres minor, and anastomoses with the transverse scapular artery (suprascapular) and the descending branch of the transverse cervical (a.k.a. dorsal scapular artery).
In its course it gives off two branches:
- one (infrascapular) enters the subscapular fossa beneath the Subscapularis, which it supplies, anastomosing with the transverse scapular artery and the descending branch of the transverse cervical.
- the other is continued along the axillary border of the scapula, between the Teres major and minor, and at the dorsal surface of the inferior angle anastomosis with the descending branch of the transverse cervical (dorsal scapular).
- Anatomy photo:03:05-0101 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Triangular Space of Scapular Region"
- Anatomy photo:05:07-0302 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Major Branches of the Axillary Artery"
- Anatomy figure: 05:04-18 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The axillary artery and its major branches shown in relation to major landmarks."
- lesson3axillaryart&vein at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University)