City of Brighton

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City of Brighton
Victoria
Old lga Brighton.png
Location in Melbourne
Population35,000 (1992)[1]
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,720/sq mi)
Established1859
Area13.48 km2 (5.2 sq mi)
Council seatBrighton
RegionMelbourne
CountyBourke
Brighton Council 1994.jpg
LGAs around City of Brighton:
St Kilda Caulfield Caulfield
Port Phillip City of Brighton Moorabbin
Port Phillip Sandringham Moorabbin

The City of Brighton was a local government area about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The city covered an area of 13.48 square kilometres (5.20 sq mi), and existed from 1859 until 1994.

History[edit]

Brighton was first incorporated as a borough on 18 January 1859. It annexed some land in Elwood and Elsternwick in 1870, and became a town on 18 March 1887. It annexed 13.8 hectares (34.1 acres) from the City of Moorabbin on 3 April 1912, and on 12 March 1919, it was proclaimed a city.[2] From 1861 onwards, Thomas Bent was associated with the council, being its mayor on several occasions before becoming Treasurer and Premier of Victoria from 1904 until 1909.[3]

Council meetings were held at the court house until 1886, when a stuccoed building, designed by Wilson and Beswicke, was constructed at the corner of Wilson and Carpenter Streets in Brighton and subsequently remodelled in 1933. A new building, housing the council chambers and offices, was built in Boxshall Street to mark the centenary of the municipality in 1959.[4] The former town hall is now home to the Bayside Cultural Centre.

On 15 December 1994, the City of Brighton was abolished, and, along with the City of Sandringham and parts of the suburbs of Cheltenham, Highett and Beaumaris, was merged into the City of Bayside.[5]

Wards[edit]

The City of Brighton was divided into four wards in May 1945, each electing three councillors:

  • Centre Ward
  • East Ward
  • North Ward
  • South Ward

Geography[edit]

Brighton Beach on Boxing Day ca.1880

The council area covered the suburbs of Brighton and Brighton East, and was bounded by Port Phillip to the west; Head Street, St Kilda Street and Glen Huntly Road to the north; Nepean Highway, North Road, Thomas Street and Nepean Highway to the east; and South Road and New Street to the south.[6]

Population[edit]

Year Population
1861 2,051
1901 10,047
1921 21,235
1947 39,769
1954 40,458
1958 42,000*
1961 41,302
1966 40,594
1971 39,189
1976 35,673
1981 33,697
1986 33,195
1991 32,230

* Estimate in the 1958 Victorian Year Book.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Victoria Office (1994). Victorian Year Book. p. 49. ISSN 0067-1223.
  2. ^ Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 318–319. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
  3. ^ Monash University (1999). "Australian Places - Brighton". Archived from the original on 2003-08-16. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  4. ^ Bate, Weston (1962). A History of Brighton. Melbourne University Press.
  5. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 4. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
  6. ^ Melway - Greater Melbourne Street Directory (22nd edition). Glen Iris, Victoria: Melway Publishing Pty Ltd. 1993. pp. Maps 67–68, 76–77. ISSN 0311-3957.

Coordinates: 37°54′18″S 144°59′46″E / 37.905°S 144.996°E / -37.905; 144.996