Civilized core

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Civilized Core refers to the four advanced civilizations that emerged during the 1st millennium BC, during the earlier Iron Age after the collapse of the Bronze Age civilizations that preceded them.

A primary characteristic of these civilizations was monocentrism and, together with historical developments such as hereditary rule, it led to a new era of statehood for several civilizations.[1] Accounts also hold that there are evidence that show "uncivilized" periphery has provided technologically superior tools and technologies to the civilized core as demonstrated in the case of the spread of European and North Caucasian shaft-hole axes in advanced civilizations of the Asia Minor.[2] Chinese written sources dating from the latter time frame of the 1st millennium BC also spoke of being "compelled to borrow technology and weapon forms from the "wild peoples" of the steppes and foothills of Central Asia."[3]

These were, in order of emergence, the civilizations of

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sit, Victor (2010). Chinese City and Urbanism: Evolution and Development. World Scientific. p. 53. ISBN 9789814293723.
  2. ^ Roberts, Benjamin; Thornton, Christopher (2014). Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. p. 828. ISBN 9781461490166.
  3. ^ Chernykh, Evgenil (1992). Ancient Metallurgy in the USSR: The Early Metal Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 301. ISBN 0521252571.