Clarence Hamilton Poe

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Clarence Hamilton Poe
Born January 10, 1881
Chatham County, North Carolina
Died October 8, 1964
Occupation Journalist
Parent(s) William Baxter
Susan Dismukes Poe
Relatives Augustine Henry Shepperd

Clarence Poe (1881–1964) was a Progressive Era Southern editor, author, and reformer.


Early life[edit]

Clarence Hamilton Poe was born on January 10, 1881 near Gulf in Chatham County, North Carolina.[1][2] His father, William Baxter (1839–1907), was a small cotton farmer and his mother was Susan Dismukes Poe (1846-1911).[2] Augustine Henry Shepperd (1792–1864) was one of his maternal ancestors.[2] He attended Rocky Branch School and only one year of high school.[2]


He served as editor of The Progressive Farmer for 65 years beginning in 1899.[1]

He was prominent in pushing for reforms in Southern agriculture to make it more scientific and to improve rural conditions in the South. He served on the State of North Carolina Board of Agriculture, the Advisory Council of the United States Department of Agriculture, and on the National Commission on Farm Tenancy, as well as chairing the North Carolina Hospital and Medical Care Commission appointed by Governor Broughton in 1944. While Poe was praised by many in North Carolina and the South for the work he did for agriculture, he also pushed a program of rural racial segregation in North Carolina, which he believed would improve conditions for poor white farmers.[3]

He also served on the Board of Trustees of the North Carolina State College.[1]


He died on October 8, 1964.[1]


  • Cotton: Its Cultivation, Marketing and Manufacture (with C. W. Burkett, 1906)
  • A Southerner in Europe (1908)
  • Where Half the World Is Waking Up (1912)
  • Life and Speeches of Charles B. Aycock (with R. D. W. Connor, 1912)
  • How Farmers Cooperate and Double Profits (1915)
  • True Tales of the South at War (1961)
  • My First Eighty Years (1963)


  1. ^ a b c d North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Customer Services: North Carolina Agricultural Hall of Fame Inductees
  2. ^ a b c d Documenting the American South
  3. ^ Jack Temple Kirby, Rural Worlds Lost: The American South, 1920-1960. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 1987, p. 236.

External links[edit]