Clark L. Ruffner
|Clark L. Ruffner|
General Clark Louis Ruffner
|Born||January 12, 1903
Buffalo, New York
|Died||July 26, 1982(aged 79)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1924-1962|
|Commands held||Third Army
U.S. Army, Pacific
2nd Armored Division
2nd Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Ruffner was born January 12, 1903, in Buffalo, New York, and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1924. Most of his early career was spent in various cavalry units until his appointment as Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Norwich University in Vermont from 1937 to 1940.
During World War II, Ruffner first served as Assistant Chief of Staff and then Deputy Chief of Staff for VII Corps from 1942-43. He then went on to become Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for the Hawaiian Department in 1943. From there, Ruffner became Deputy Chief of Staff, Central Pacific Area, from 1943–44, and Chief of Staff for the U.S. Army, Pacific from 1944 until after the end of the war.
At the outbreak of the Korean War, Ruffner was Chief of Staff, X Corps, but soon took command of the 2nd Infantry Division in 1951 from where he was a key commander in the conflict. Ruffner's unit occupied the center of the UN line during the Battle of the Soyang River during the Chinese spring offensive. After his command, Ruffner spent the remainder of the war in Washington working on International Security Affairs in the office of the Defense Secretary.
In 1954, Ruffner moved back into the Pacific theater where he successively served as Deputy Commanding General and Commanding General for the U.S. Army, Pacific. From there he became Commanding General, 2nd Armored Division, from 1954–56, and after a tour in Germany, Commanding General of the Third United States Army from 1958-60. During this period, he received promotions to lieutenant general and general. General Ruffner concluded his career as U.S. Representative to NATO, and retired in 1962. He died on July 26, 1982.
Awards and decorations
General Ruffner's military decorations and service medals include the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters, Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star, the Air Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Army Commendation Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Korean Service Medal with four bronze service stars, and the United Nations Service Medal.
- Distinguished Service Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters
- Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster
- Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster
- Bronze Star
- World War II Victory Medal
- Korean Service Medal
- United Nations Service Medal for Korea
- General Ruffner's personal chopper in Korea which was named RRUF-F-F.
Robert B. McClure
|Commanding General of the 2nd Infantry Division
January 1951 – August 1951
Thomas F. Deshazo
Leander L. Doan
|Commanding General of the 2nd Armoured Division
January 1955 – April 1956
Conrad S. Babcock, Jr.
Thomas F. Hickey
|Commanding General of the Third United States Army
1958 – 1960
Robert F. Sink