Claude de Longwy de Givry

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Cardinal
Claude de Longwy de Givry
Cardinal-Priest
Longwy de Givry, Claude de.jpg
Church S. Agnese in Agone
Diocese Macon (1510-1529)
Langres (1528-1561)
Poitiers (1534-1550)
Administrator of Périgueux (1540-1541)
Administrator of Amiens (1540-1546)
Other posts Abbot of Saint-Étienne de Dijon (1529)
Abbot of Pothieres
Abbot of Saint-Benigne de Dijon
Orders
Created Cardinal 7 November 1533
by Pope Clement VII
Personal details
Born 1481
Died 1561
Chateau de Mussy-sur-Seine
Buried Cathedral of Langres
Nationality Burgundian
Parents Philippe de Longuy, Seigneur de Pagny
Jeanne de Bauffremont, dame de Mirabeau

Claude de Longwy de Givry (1481–1561) was a French bishop and Cardinal, from an aristocratic background. He was the son of Philippe de Longuy, Seigneur de Givry and Jeanne de Beautremont, Dame de Mirabeau. He had four brothers: Jean de Longuy, Sieur de Givry and Baron de Mirabeau (who married Jeanne d'Orleans, natural sister of King Francis I), Christophe de Longuy, Antoine de Longuy, and Étienne de Longuy. Claude's aunt Jeanne had married Guy de la Baume, Count de Montrevel, and one of their sons was Cardinal Pierre de la Baume (1539-1544), Prince and Bishop of Geneva (1522-1543).[1]

Bishop of Macon[edit]

Claude de Longuy became bishop of Mâcon, in 1510,[2] as successor to his uncle Étienne de Longwy (1488-1510).[3] He attended the schismatic Conciliabulum of Pisa in 1511, no doubt on the command of King Louis XII of France.[4] On 16 March 1516 he made his solemn entry. He served as Bishop of Macon until 1529.[5] On 10 January 1527, the Bishop's niece, Jeanne de Longuy was married to Philippe Chabot de Brion, Governor of Burgundy.[6]

Royal Council[edit]

He became a member of the royal Council by 1523.[7] On 23 May 1526[8] Bishop de Givry presided at a meeting of the Estates of the Mâconnais; this was the first time that the Bailly of Macon did not preside at a meeting of the Estates, the privilege being given by the Letters of Convocation on this occasion to Bishop de Longuy personally. Obviously he was highly trusted by the King's Regency Council.[9] On 7 July 1527 the Bishop was present at a meeting of the Estates of Auxonne.[10] In 1527 Claude de Longwy served as Vicar General of Archbishop François de Rohan of Lyon in the council held in Lyon to raise money for the ransom of King Francis I, who was a prisoner of Charles V in Madrid.[11]

Longwy was subsequently bishop of Langres (1528-1561),[12] and then bishop of Poitiers (1534-1550).[13]

In 1529 Bishop de Longwy was appointed Abbot Commendatory of Saint-Étienne de Dijon. The bulls were issued by Pope Clement VII on 13 February 1530.[14] He was also the thirty-ninth Abbot of Pothieres (Pultariae, Poultieres).[15] He was also the eighty-seventh Abbot of Saint-Benigne de Dijon[16]

In 1532 Bishop de Longwy was sent as Ambassador Extraordinary to England. He arrived on 6 September 1532, spent one night in London, and returned to France on 11 September.[17]

From 27 August 1540 to 27 August 1541 the Bishop was Administrator of the diocese of Périgueux, on the nomination of King Francis I of France.[18] He was named Administrator of the diocese of Amiens on 24 September 1540, in succession to another Cardinal Administrator, Charles de Hemard (9 December 1538 – 23 August 1540); Longwy held the Administratorship until 12 February 1546.[19]

In February 1545, at Joinville, Bishop de Longwy consecrated the twenty-year-old Charles de Guise-Lorraine a bishop. He had been named Archbishop of Reims in 1538, and became the Cardinal de Guise in 1547.[20]

Cardinal[edit]

He was created cardinal-priest in the fourteenth Consistory for the promotion of cardinals, held by Pope Clement VII in Marseille on 7 November 1533, shortly after the marriage of his niece, Catherine de' Medici, to Prince Henri, the future king. On 10 November Longwy was assigned the titular church of S. Agnese in Agone.[21] Cardinal de Longwy was also known as the Cardinal de Givry (a title also later applied to his grand-nephew, Cardinal Anne d'Escars de Givry). He did not, however, attend the Conclave of 11–12 October 1534, in which Cardinal Alessandro Farnese was elected Pope Paul III.[22] Neither did he attend the Conclave of 29 November 1549—7 February 1550, following the death of Paul III, at which Cardinal Giovanni Ciocchi del Monte was elected Pope Julius III.[23] Nor did he attend either of the two Conclaves of 1555. His absence from the Conclave of 1559, therefore, is hardly surprising.[24]

A patron of architecture, the Cardinal also commissioned eight tapestries for the Cathedral of Langres in 1543,[25] on the subject of Mammes of Caesarea who is venerated in Langres.[26] Only three of the tapestries survive, two at Langres and one in the Louvre.

Death[edit]

Cardinal Claude de Longwy de Givry died on 9 August 1561.[27] He was buried in the Cathedral of Langres on the right side of the main altar, in a tomb which he had constructed for himself while still living.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michel de Castelnau; J. Le Laboureur (1731). Les Mémoires de messire Michel de Castelnau, seigneur de Mauvissière, illustrés et augmentés de plusieurs commentaires et manuscrits...Nouvelle édition... (in French). Tome troisieme. Bruxelles: J. Léonard. p. 212. 
  2. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 238.
  3. ^ Eubel (1914), p. 187.
  4. ^ Louis Todière (1857). Histoire de Louis XII, roi de France (in French) (nouvelle ed.). Tours: A. Mame. pp. 152–153.  J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio Volume 32 (Venice: Zatta 1797) p. 866.
  5. ^ Gallia christiana IV, p. 1093.
  6. ^ Cedric Michon, "Cardinals at the Court of Francis I," in: Martin Heale, ed. (2014). The Prelate in England and Europe, 1300-1560. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-903153-58-1.  Her son by a second marriage, to Jacques de Perusse, Seigneur d'Escars, was Cardinal Anne d'Escars de Givry.
  7. ^ Gallia christiana IV, p. 1093.
  8. ^ L. Michon (1878). Inventaire sommaire des archives communales antérieures à 1790 (in French). Macon: Impr. typographique et lithographique Protat frères. p. 8. 
  9. ^ E. Demazière, "Tentative de suppression des États du Mâconnais," Annales de l'Académie de Mâcon. 3rd series, Volume 11. Macon: Académie de Mâcon-Protat Freres. 1906.  pp. 321-322.
  10. ^ Michon, p. 85.
  11. ^ Gallia christiana IV, 1093.
  12. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 226. He was probably nominated by King Francis I, in accordance with the Concordat of 1516: Arthur Daguin (1881). Les évêques de Langres: études épigraphique, sigillographique et héraldique (in French). Nogent (Haute-Marne): Chez l'auteur. p. 35. 
  13. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 274.
  14. ^ Michon, p. 85-86 and n. 28. Gallia christiana IV (Paris 1728), p. 767.
  15. ^ de Mangen (abbé.) (1765). Histoire ecclésiastique et civile, politique, littéraire et topographique du diocése de Langres, et de celui de Dijon (in French). Tome Premier. Paris: Bauche. p. 387.  Gallia christiana IV (Paris 1728), p. 728 (attested from 1547 to 1560).
  16. ^ Gallia christiana IV (Paris 1728), p. 693 (attested in 1541 and 1553).
  17. ^ Catalogue des actes de François Ier (Tome neuvième ed.). Paris: Imprimerie nationale. 1907. p. 26. Retrieved 2016-05-09.  Guillaume du Bellay was also Ambassador Extraordinary to England at the same time, and followed the same schedule.
  18. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 272.
  19. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 106.
  20. ^ H. Outram Evennett (2011). The Cardinal of Lorraine and the Council of Trent: A Study in the Counter-Reformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-107-60141-3. 
  21. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 22.
  22. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 20 n. 1.
  23. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 31 n. 1.
  24. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 36 n. 1.
  25. ^ The Louvre tapistries of Jean Cousin, the Elder
  26. ^ J. Beaudoin Ross, Jean Cousin the Elder and the Creation of the Tapestries of Saint Mamas, The Art Bulletin, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 1978), pp. 28-34.
  27. ^ Gulik and Eubel, p. 22.
  28. ^ Pierre Frizon (1638). Gallia purpurata (in Latin). Paris: Simon Lemoine. p. 587. 

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