The genus Onychodactylus or clawed salamanders is composed of three species, all endemic to East Asia. O. fischeri is found on the Korean peninsula, as well as in the Russian Far East and adjacent regions of China. O. japonicus is found in Japan, on the islands of Shikoku and Honshū. All species are lungless with moderately developed parotoid glands. They inhabit moist, forested mountains near small rivers, streams, and lakes. Adults of each species can reach a length of 19 cm.
|Binomial name and author||Common name|
|O. fischeri (Boulenger, 1886)||Fischer's clawed salamander|
|O. fuscus (Yoshikawa & Matsui, 2014)||Tadami clawed salamander|
|O. japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)||Japanese clawed salamander|
- Frost, Darrel R. 2008. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Onychodactylus. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: July 28, 2008).
- AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian declines, conservation, natural history, and taxonomy. [web application]. 2010. Berkeley, California: Onychodactylus. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: November 20, 2010).
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