Clive Brewster-Joske

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Clive Alexander Brewster
Birth name Clive Alexander Brewster-Joske
Born October 1896
Fiji
Died 1947
Allegiance United Kingdom
Australia
Service/branch Australian Imperial Force
British Army
Royal Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Rank Group Captain
Unit 55th Battalion, AIF
No. 1 Squadron RFC
No. 46 Squadron RFC
Commands held Fiji Defence Force
Battles/wars World War I
 • Western Front
World War II
Awards Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Legion d'honneur (France)
Order of Saint Olav (Norway)
Other work Prominent in civic life of Fiji between the World Wars

Group Captain Clive Alexander Brewster-Joske OBE, MC (1896–1947) was a Fiji-born British subject of Australian heritage. He became a flying ace during World War I and was credited with eight aerial victories.[1] Upon his return to civil life post-war, he became a leading citizen of Fiji being entrusted by several foreign governments as their consular agent. He returned to service at the beginning of World War II, rising first to the rank of lieutenant colonel, then to that of group captain.

Early life[edit]

Clive Alexander Brewster-Joske was born in Fiji in October 1896,[2] the son of Alexander Joske[3] and Emily Undine Joske.[4] He was of Australian heritage, and was educated in Melbourne, Australia. He joined the British Army's 37th Division in September 1914.[2]

World War I[edit]

When he was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant on 15 June 1915, he was serving in the 55th Infantry Battalion of the Australian Imperial Force.[5] He went into combat as an infantry officer in July 1915. On 15 November 1915, he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps[6] from the Motor Machine Gun Service.[7] He learned an observer's duties by performing them; he corrected artillery fire via a wireless transmitter, photographed enemy positions, and manned the observer's machine gun when attacked.[3] He was initially assigned to No. 1 Squadron for these observer's duties. After his first victory claim was not confirmed, he scored his first aerial success on 29 February 1916.[6]

He then trained as a pilot, and on 24 September 1916 was appointed a flying officer from the General List, with the rank of temporary 2nd lieutenant and seniority from 27 February 1916.[8] With effect 1 September 1916, Brewster-Joske was promoted to temporary lieutenant "while serving with R.F.C." by the War Office.[9] He was posted to No. 46 Squadron, with whom he would gain the remainder of his victories, scoring his second on 2 June 1917.[6] In late September 1917, he earned 46 Squadron's first decoration, a Military Cross.[6] The award citation said simply, "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in taking part in 29 air fights, in which he has destroyed seven hostile machines."[10] The Gazette of 19 September 1917 listed his appointment as a flight commander with the rank of acting captain.[11]

He was withdrawn from combat duty in November 1917,[6] which would have scotched his position as acting captain as he was no longer a flight commander. On 23 June 1918, he was again promoted to acting captain to be employed as a staff officer,[12] serving until the armistice on 11 November 1918.

List of aerial victories[edit]

Confirmed victories in the below list are numbered; unconfirmed victories are denoted "u/c".

Combat record[1][6]
No. Date/Time Aircraft/
Serial No.
Opponent Result Location Notes
No. 1 Squadron RFC
u/c 2 January 1916 Vickers Gunbus Aviatik reconnaissance aircraft Passchendaele
1 29 February 1916
@ 1035 hours
Morane Parasol
serial number 5119
Aviatik reconnaissance aircraft Set afire; destroyed Passchendaele Pilot: R. A. Saunders. Shared with Frederick Powell.
No. 46 Squadron RFC
2 2 June 1917
@ 1800 hours
Sopwith Pup
s/n B1709
Albatros D.III Driven down out of control Houthulst
3 7 June 1917
@ 1030 hours
Sopwith Pup
s/n B1709
Albatros D.III Destroyed Wervicq-Comines
4 17 June 1917
@ 1930 hours
Sopwith Pup
s/n B1709
Albatros D.V Driven down out of control Lens
5 3 September 1917
@ 1030 hours
Sopwtih Pup
s/n B1716
Albatros D.V Destroyed Menen
6 4 September 1917
@ 0800 hours
Sopwith Pup
s/n A7335
Albatros D.V Driven down out of control East of Menen
7 16 September 1917
@ 1315 hours
Sopwith Pup

s/n A7335
Albatros D.III Driven down out of control Écourt-Saint-Quentin
8 22 September 1917
@ 1015 hours
Sopwith Pup
s/n A7335
Albatros D.III Destroyed North of Brebières Shared with Lt. R. L. M. Ferrie.

Post World War I[edit]

On 11 April 1919, Brewster-Joske was transferred to the unemployed list of the Royal Air Force, officially ending his original stint of military service.[13] He returned to Australia on the Makura in late 1918; his return was reported in the Sydney Morning Herald on 23 December 1918.[3]

Brewster-Joske returned to Fiji. He became one of its leading citizens.[6] On 24 June 1920, his monarch approved of his service as Consul of Norway at Suva, with jurisdiction covering Fiji, the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, the Solomon Islands, and "other islands within the jurisdiction of His Majesty's High Commissioner for the Western Pacific."[14]

In 1922, his father died in Suva, leaving his mother widowed.[15]

On 17 February 1932, Brewster-Joske was awarded the Legion of Honour by the President of the French Republic for his service as France's consul at Suva.[16]

He must have involved himself with local military affairs, as on 3 June 1935, Major Brewster-Joske of the Fiji Defence Force was awarded the Order of the British Empire for his services.[17]

18 February 1936 Norway awarded him the Order of Saint Olav for his consular service on its behalf.[18] However, the honour was overshadowed by tragedy; on 14 March 1936 his mother died at her home at 6 Wentworth Road, Vaucluse, Australia.[4]

Brewster-Joske subsequently changed his surname via deed poll to Brewster on 18 November 1938. In the process, he was noted as "a natural born British subject".[19] As another war loomed in 1939, he took command of the local military, being granted the rank of lieutenant colonel. The next year, with World War II in full spate, he transferred to the Royal Australian Air Force as a group captain in Administration and Training.[6]

Clive Alexander Brewster-Joske died in 1947.[6]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Clive Alexander Brewster-Joske". The Aerodrome. 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Franks (2005), p. 54.
  3. ^ a b c "Aerial Fleets". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 23 December 1918. p. 7. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Family Notices: Deaths". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 16 March 1936. p. 10. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "No. 29223". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 July 1915. p. 6684. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shores, Franks & Guest (1990), p. 86.
  7. ^ "Royal Flying Corps: Appointments". Flight. VIII (378): 237. 23 March 1916. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "Royal Flying Corps: Appointments". Flight. VIII (409): 920. 26 October 1916. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "No. 29807". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 October 1916. p. 10517. 
  10. ^ "Gallant Air Work". Flight. X (483): 331. 28 March 1918. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Royal Flying Corps: Appointments". Flight. IX (457): 1007. 27 September 1917. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  12. ^ "No. 30803". The London Gazette. 19 July 1918. p. 8504. 
  13. ^ "No. 31724". The London Gazette. 9 January 1920. p. 336. 
  14. ^ "No. 31962". The London Gazette. 2 July 1920. p. 7121. 
  15. ^ "Legal Notices". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 13 September 1922. p. 8. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  16. ^ "No. 33802". The London Gazette. 26 February 1932. p. 1293. 
  17. ^ "No. 34166". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1935. pp. 3601–3602. 
  18. ^ "No. 34256". The London Gazette. 18 February 1936. p. 1056. 
  19. ^ "No. 34574". The London Gazette. 25 November 1938. p. 7495. 
Bibliography
  • Shores, Christopher F.; Franks, Norman & Guest, Russell F. (1990). Above the Trenches: a Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9. 
  • Franks, Norman (2005). Sopwith Pup Aces of World War I: Volume 67 of Osprey Aircraft of the Aces: Issue 67 of Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-886-1.