Coastal Command (film)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Directed by||J. B. Holmes|
|Produced by||Ian Dalrymple|
Charles Norman Lewis
|Music by||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|Cinematography||Teddy Catford (credited as Edward Catford)
|Edited by||Michael Gordon|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures (1944) (USA)|
|72 minutes (UK)
60 minutes (US)
Coastal Command is a documentary-style account of the Short Sunderland and Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boats during the Battle of the Atlantic. The film includes real footage of attacks on a major enemy ship by Hudson and Halifax bombers based in Iceland.
In 1942, a Sunderland flying boat with Pilot Roger Hunter and Flight Sergeant Charles Norman Lewis as crew, set out on a patrol, flying out of their Scotland air base.
The Sunderland's crew returns to England, mission accomplished, but with a wounded crew member aboard, who is in stable condition. After a visit to the hospital, the Sunderland crew is informed they will be re-deployed to West Africa, to begin a new mission.
- Roger Hunter as Himself (as Pilot Roger Hunter)
- Charles Norman Lewis as Himself (as Flight Sergeant Charles Norman Lewis)
Coastal Command was made under the supervision of Ian Dalrymple, with the full cooperation of the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy in the Second world War. The participants in the film were active RAF officers, NCOs and aircrew, and RN officers. The film featured pilot Roger Hunter and Flight Sergeant Charles Norman Lewis. On 25 August 1942, Lewis was killed on a flight that Prince George, Duke of Kent was undertaking as a morale-boosting mission to Iceland.
Filming for Coastal Command took place at Pinewood Studios, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire where an RAF Operations Room set was constructed for the Ministry of Information. Location photography also took place at RAF Bowmore and RAF Port Ellen, Glenegedale, Isle of Islay, Argyll and Bute, Scotland, where Short Sunderland units were operating.
Coastal Command is notable for its score by Ralph Vaughan Williams.
The performances in Coastal Command were generally well received as they were real-life depictions of a coastal command unit in wartime. After the release of Coastal Command in the United States on 18 April 1944, Bosley Crowther, film reviewer for The New York Times wrote that it suffered in comparison with the similar Memphis Belle documentary. He did write, however, that: "Many of the individual glimpses in this film are intriguing to the eye, and the whole conveys an academic notion of the personal and organizational problems of the Coastal Command. But the obvious studio-staging of much of the action in which personnel is involved and the scattered arrangement of continuity drain the film of sharp immediacy and drive. Because it jumps its scenes from one plane to another, from shore to plane — and even a few times to the Nazi ship—without adequate definition, the spectator is forced to an objective point of view. A sense of artificial construction is plainly inevitable. Thus suspense and excitement are lacking. The mood becomes fitful and blasé."
- Two versions of the film were made, one featuring an explanatory voice-over where the attack ends with a combined air attack on an enemy cruiser caught away from its base. In the second, slightly longer version of the film, the Sunderland crew returns home after the successful attack on the cruiser, and the wounded crew member is hospitalized.
- "Premiere of "Coastal" Held". Motion Picture Herald. 22 April 1944. p. 38. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Sgt Charles Norman Lewis." Find A Grave, 13 December 2011. Retrieved: 23 May 2015.
- Crowther, Bosley. "The screen: 'Coastal Command' (1943); Wings over water." The New York Times, 19 April 1944.
- Manvell, Roger. Films and the Second World War. London: J.M. Dent & Sons, 1974. ISBN 978-0-3852-8281-9.
- Owen, Neil. Royal Air Force Station Oban 1939-45: A History of Flying Boat Operations. Self-published.