Solanum capsicoides

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The Solanum capsicoides described by C.F.P. von Martius is now Solanum hirtellum.
"Solanum ciliatum" and "Solanum pentapetaloides" redirect here. These can also refer to other Solanaceae; see below.
Cockroach berry
Solanum capsicoides.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. capsicoides
Binomial name
Solanum capsicoides

See text

Solanum capsicoides, the cockroach berry,[1] known as polohauai'i in Polynesia, is a flowering plant in the Solanaceae family. It is native to eastern Brazil but naturalized in other tropical regions, where it sometimes becomes an invasive weed.[2][3]


This species had been included in S. aculeatissimum as variety denudatum by Dunal (Solanum denudatum of Bitter is S. humile as described by Lamarck). It was also included in the eggplant (S. melongena) under its junior synonym S. trongum (as var. sinuato-pinnatifidum), also by Dunal.[4]

In addition, the cockroach berry is sometimes referenced under the following obsolete names:[4]

  • Solanum arrebenta Vell.
  • Solanum bodinieri H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Solanum capsicoides Hort. Paris ex Lam. (preoccupied)
  • Solanum ciliare Willd.
  • Solanum ciliatum Lam.
S. ciliatum of Blume from F.A.W. Miquel is an undetermined species of Lycianthes.
  • Solanum ciliatum var. arenarium Dunal
S. arenarium of Schur is S. villosum as described by Philip Miller.
S. arenarium of Otto Sendtner is a valid species
  • Solanum macowanii Fourc.
  • Solanum pentapetaloides Roxb. ex Hornem.
S. pentapetaloides of Bojer from Dunal in de Candolle is S. imamense.
  • Solanum pentapetalum Schltdl.
  • Solanum sinuatifolium Vell.
  • Solanum sphaerocarpum Moric.


  1. ^ "Solanum capsicoides". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  2. ^ PIER (2007)
  3. ^ Guézou, A; Pozo, P; Buddenhagen, C (Oct 2007), Cresswell, Will, ed., "Preventing establishment: an inventory of introduced plants in Puerto Villamil, Isabela Island, Galapagos" (Free full text), PLoS ONE, 2 (10): e1042, PMC 2002516Freely accessible, PMID 17940606, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001042  open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b Solanaceae Source (2006)


  • Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2007): Solanum capsicoides. Version of 2007-MAR-21. Retrieved 2007-SEP-15.
  • Solanaceae Source (2006): Solanum sessiliflorum. Version of May 2006. Retrieved 2008-SEP-26.