Codex Freerianus

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Uncial 016
New Testament manuscript
016 (GA) Sander's facsimile, Plate VII.jpg
Name Freerianus
Sign I
Text Pauline epistles, Hebrews
Date c. 450
Script Greek
Found Egypt (purchased by Charles Lang Freer)
Now at Smithsonian Institution
Size 25 cm by 20 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category II

Codex Freerianus, designated by I or 016 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1041 (von Soden), also called the Washington Manuscript of the Pauline Epistles, is a 5th-century manuscript in an uncial hand on vellum in Greek.

It is named after Charles Lang Freer, who purchased it in Egypt. The Codex is now located in the Freer Gallery of Art at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, with the shelf number 06.275.[1][2]

According to Guglielmo Cavallo, 016 comes from the Nitrian Desert.[3]

Contents[edit]

1 Corinthians 10:29, 11:9-10. 18-19. 26-27; 12:3-4. 27-28; 14:12-13. 22.32-33; 15:3.15.27-28.38-39.59-50; 16:1-2.12-13;
2 Corinthians 1:1.9.16-17; 2:3-4.14; 3:6-7.16-17; 4:6-7.16-17; 5:8-10.17-18; 6:6-8.16-18; 7:7-8.13-14; 8:6-7.14-17; 8:24-9:1; 9:7-8; 9:15-10:1; 10:8-10; 10:17-11:2; 11:9-10.20-21.28-29; 12:6-7.14-15; 13:1-2.10-11;
Galatians 1:1-3.11-13, 1:22-2:1, 2:8-9, 16-17, 3:6-8, 16-17, 24-28, 4:8-10, 20-23;
Ephesians 2:15-18, 3:6-8.18-20; 4:9-11, 17-19, 28-30, 5:6-11, 20-24, 5:32-6:1, 6:10-12, 19-21;
Philippians 1:1-4, 11-13, 20-23, 2:1-3, 12-14, 25-27, 3:4-6, 14-17, 4:3-6, 13-15;
Colossians 1:1-4, 10-12, 20-22, 27-29, 2:7-9, 16-19, 3:5-8, 15-17, 3:25-4:2, 4:11-13;
1 Thessalonians 1:1-2, 9-10, 2:7-9, 14-16, 3:2-5, 11-13, 4:7-10, 4:16-5:1, 5:9-12, 23-27;
2 Thessalonians 1:1-3, 10-11, 2:5-8, 14-17, 3:8-10;
Hebrews 1:1-3. 9-12; 2:4-7.12-14; 3:4-6.14-16; 4:3-6.12-14; 5:5-7; 6:1-3.10-13; 6:20-7:2; 7:7-11.18-20; 7:27-8:1; 8:7-9; 9:1-4.9-11.16-19. 25-27; 10:5-8.16-18.26-29.35-38; 11:6-7.12-15.22-24.31-33; 11:38-12:1; 12:7-9.16-18.25-27; 13:7-9.16-18.23-25;
1 Timothy 1:1-3.10-13; 1:19-2:1; 2:9-13; 3:7-9; 4:1-3.10-13; 5:5-9.16-19; 6:1-2.9-11.17-19;
2 Timothy 1:1-3.10-12; 2:2-5.14-16.22-24; 3:6-8; 3:16-4:1; 4:8-10.18-20;
Titus 1:1-3.10-11; 2:4-6.14-15; 3:8-9;
Philemon 1-3. 14-16.[4]

Description[edit]

Fragment of the Epistle to the Hebrews

The codex contains portions of the Pauline epistles except Romans. It contains the Epistle to the Hebrews. The Hebrews follows 2 Thessalonians. The manuscript is generally dated from the fifth century, though a few have suggested the sixth century instead. The codex originally contained about 210 parchment leaves (25 cm by 20 cm), of which only 84 survive in a fragmentary condition. The text of the codex contains many lacunae. It was written in one column per page, 30 lines per column.[5] The letters and words are not separated from one another, as it is in scriptio-continua.

The Greek text of this codex, which was edited by H. A. Sanders in 1921, is a good representative of the Alexandrian text-type, agreeing more closely with א, A, C, and 33, than with P46, B or 1739.[6] Aland placed it in Category II, ascribing it to the Egyptian text.[7] Its fragmentary nature limits its usefulness.

In 2 Timothy 1:11 it reads καὶ διδάσκαλος (and teacher) along with א*, A, 1175, syrpal; the majority of manuscripts read καὶ διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν (and teacher of nations).[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Codex Washingtonianus has number 06.274 in the same Gallery.
  2. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  3. ^ G. Cavallo, Ricerche, pp. 87-88, 93.
  4. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, p. 610.
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Frederic G. Kenyon, Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (4th ed.), London 1939.
  7. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, 1968 etc, Oxford University Press, p. 54.
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 732.

Further reading[edit]

  • C.R. Gregory, Das Freer Logion, Versuche und Entwürfe 1 (Leipzig, 1905).
  • H.A. Sanders, The New Testament Manuscripts in the Freer Collection, The Macmillan Company, New York – London 1918.
  • W. H. P. Hatch, The Principal Uncial Manuscripts Of The New Testament, 1939, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Thomas A. Wayment (2004). "Two new Textual Variants from the Freer Pauline Codex (I)". JBL. 123/4: 737–740. 
  • Larry W. Hurtado (2007). The Freer Biblical Manuscripts. Fresh Studies of an American Treasure Trove. Brill. 

External links[edit]