Codex Mosquensis II

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Uncial 031
New Testament manuscript
Matthew 1:1-18
Matthew 1:1-18
NameMosquensis II
Now atState Historical Museum
Size15.7 cm by 11.5 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Codex Mosquensis II designated by V or 031 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 75 (von Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the Gospels, dated palaeographically to the 9th-century.[1] The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 220 parchment leaves (15.7 cm by 11.5 cm), with some lacunae (Matthew 5:44-6:12, 9:18-10:1, 22:44-23:35, John 21:10-fin.). The leaves are arranged in octavo.[2]

The text of the manuscript is written in one column per page, 28 lines per page,[1] in small and fine uncial letters,[2] in a kind of stichometry. It contains accents, but punctuation is rare.

The codex is written in uncial letters to John 8:39, where it breaks off, and from that point the text is continued in a minuscule hand from the 13th century.[3]

It contains Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian tables, the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before Gospels, but there are no divisions[clarification needed] according to the κεφαλαια (chapters). The text is divided only according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons; it has lectionary markings.[2] According to Matthaei it is written in a kind of stichometry by a diligent scribe.[4]

The manuscript contains a portion from Chronology of Hippolitus from Theben.[2]

John 8:39-21:10[edit]

The text of the Gospel of John 8:39-21:10 is written in minuscule letters on 10 parchment leaves.[5]

The text is divided according to the Ammonian Sections, whose numbers are given at the margin with references to the Eusebian Canons. It contains Synaxarion.[2]

The minuscule text was designated by Griesbach as 87, by Scholz as 250.


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[1] It is a member of the textual family Family E.[6] It has some textual resemblance to Codex Campianus.[4]

It lacks the text of Matthew 16:2b–3 (the Signs of the Times).[7]

History and present Location[edit]

Formerly the manuscript was held at the monastery Vatopedi at Athos peninsula. It was brought to Moscow in 1655,[2] by the monk Arsenius, on the suggestion of the Patriarch Nikon, in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov (1645–1676). The manuscript was collated by C.F. Matthaei.[8]

It was collated by Matthaei in 1779 and in 1783. In 1783 the manuscript lacked only the texts Matthew 22:44-23:35, John 21:10-fin.[2] It was one of the best manuscripts of Matthaei.[4] Constantin von Tischendorf used the work of Matthaei in his Novum Testamentum. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1868.[2] The manuscript was examined by Kurt Treu.[9]

In 1908 C. R. Gregory gave siglum 031 to it.

The codex is located now in the State Historical Museum (V. 9).[1][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments [Textual criticism of the New Testament] (in German). 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 76. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  3. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press (Oxford, 2005), p. 80.
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 150.
  5. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 172.
  6. ^ F. Wisse, Family E and the Profile Method, Biblica 51, (1970), pp. 67-75.
  7. ^ UBS3, p. 61.
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 224.
  9. ^ Kurt Treu Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments in der UdSSR; eine systematische Auswertung des Texthandschriften in Leningrad, Moskau, Kiev, Odessa, Tbiblisi und Erevan, Texte und Untersuchungen 91 (Berlin, 1966), pp. 235-238
  10. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • C. F. Matthaei, Novum Testamentum Graece et Latine, Riga, 1782–1788, IX, pp. 265 ff (as V)