Silverstoneia nubicola

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Silverstoneia nubicola
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Silverstoneia
Species: S. nubicola
Binomial name
Silverstoneia nubicola
(Dunn, 1924)
Synonyms

Phyllobates nubicola Dunn, 1924
Colostethus nubicola (Dunn, 1924)

Silverstoneia nubicola (Boquete rocket frog) is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. It is found in western Colombia, Panama, and southwestern Costa Rica.[2][3][4][5]

Description[edit]

Males measure 15–21 mm (0.59–0.83 in) and females 16–22 mm (0.63–0.87 in) in snout–vent length.[6] Males have a swollen middle finger. The dorsum is dark brown, becoming black along the sides. A thin cream-colored line, extending from the groin to the eye, separates the brown and black areas. A second light line extends from the upper lip to the groin, bordering the black sides below; the latter line is more evident in males because of their black throat and chest. The ventral surface is pale yellow in females.[4]

Reproduction[edit]

Breeding occurs throughout the year. Males call from their territories on the forest floor in early morning and late afternoon. Eggs are laid in leaf litter in the male territories. Males carry the newly hatched tadpoles to streams where they continue development.[4]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Its natural habitats are humid lowland, premontane and montane forests. It is threatened by chytridiomycosis and habitat loss.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bolaños, F.; Ibáñez, R.; Chaves, G.; Savage, J.; Jaramillo, C.; Fuenmayor, Q.; Grant, T.; Lötters, S. & Lips, K. (2008). "Silverstoneia nubicola". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Silverstoneia nubicola (Dunn, 1924)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Acosta-Galvis, A.R. (2014). "Silverstoneia nubicola (Dunn, 1924)". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V.05.2015.0. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Silverstoneia nubicola". Amphibians of Panama. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Luis Humberto Elizondo C.; Federico Bolaños V. (2011). "Silverstoneia nubicola". Biodiversidad de Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Grant, T.; Myers, C. W. (2013). "Review of the frog genus Silverstoneia, with descriptions of five new species from the Colombian Chocó (Dendrobatidae: Colostethinae)". American Museum Novitates. 3784 (3784): 1–58. doi:10.1206/3784.2.