Commander, Naval Surface Forces Pacific
' (COMNAVSURFPAC) is a United States Navy admiral, who leads the Naval Surface Force, United States Pacific Fleet. The Commander is also designated as Commander, Naval Surface Force (COMNAVSURFOR), a “dual hat”, who serves as the Navy’s Lead for the Surface Warfare Enterprise. From 1978 to 1987, and probably later, the headquarters has been located at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, Coronado, California.
The command was commissioned in March 1975. The first Commander was Vice Admiral Robert Samuel Salzer. Under his command the consolidation of all Cruisers, Destroyers, Frigates (in Cruiser-Destroyer Force, Pacific), Amphibious (ComPhibPac), Mine Force (previously including Mine Squadron 7, disestablished in 1968), Pacific Fleet, Service Force Ships, Tenders and Repair Ships (in Service Force, Pacific Fleet (ComServPac)), Naval Special Warfare Forces (SEALS), and Amphibious warfare schools of the Pacific Fleet, was commenced. On 7 June 1975 Vice Admiral Emmett H. Tidd assumed Command of the Naval Surface Force, US Pacific Fleet. During this period, the final consolidation took place. When the task of consolidating the Naval Surface Forces, Pacific Fleet was completed, Admiral Tidd requested retirement. After over 33 years of service, he was retired from the Navy on 31 July 1976 with the permanent rank of Vice Admiral. On behalf of the President of the United States, he was awarded a Second Gold Star in lieu of the Third Award of the Distinguished Service Medal, "For exceptionally meritorious service ... ." At that time, the Naval Surface Force of the Pacific Fleet consisted of 183 ships and over 55,000 personnel.
In 1978, according to Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet, Eleventh Edition, the command comprised Cruiser-Destroyer Group 1 (with Destroyer Squadrons 5, 13, and 23), Cruiser-Destroyer Group 3 (Destroyer Squadron 7, Destroyer Squadrons 17 and 27), Cruiser-Destroyer Group 5 (Destroyer Squadrons 9, 21, 31, and 37 (NRF)), Surface Group Western Pacific at Naval Base Subic Bay, with Destroyer Squadron 15 subordinate but based at Yokosuka, Japan, Surface Group Middle Pacific in HAwaii with Destroyer Squadrons 25, 33, 35, and Service Squadron 5, Amphibious Group 1/Task Force 76 in Okinawa, Amphibious Group Eastern Pacific, with its headquarters and Amphibious Squadrons 1, 3, 5, and 7 all in San Diego, Naval Special Warfare Group 1, Mine Squadron 5 (NRF) with Mine Divisions 51, 52, 53, and 54 (all NRF), and Service Group 1 at Oakland, CA., with Service Squadrons 1 and 3 at San Diego and Vallejo, respectively.
By 1984, SurfPac had four destroyer tenders (ADs), one repair ship (AR), and one battleship (seemingly USS New Jersey (BB-62)) reporting directly to it, and Surface Squadron 1 had been established at Long Beach, CA. Surface Squadron 1 was a mix: it comprised one salvage ship (ARS), 3 ATF, 1 AVM, two frigates, 1 LKA, and 1 LST. Cruiser-Destroyer Groups 1, 3, 5 still directed multiple squadrons, though Service Group 1 had only a single subordinate squadron, Service Squadron 3 headquartered at Vallejo, comprising seven ammunition ships.
Composition March 2012
The ships and subordinate squadrons of the command are:
Previous commanders, Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet
The Amphibious Force was formally known as Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet (ComPhibPac). On 7 December 1941 the post was filled by Marine Major General William P. Upshur. Amphibious Forces, PacFlt comprised the Army's 3rd Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, under Army operational control, the 2nd Marine Division, the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing, the 2nd Defense Battalion (see Marine defense battalions), and a depot. One of PhibPac's subordinate commands during World War II was Transports, Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet, or TransPhibPac. The commander of TransPhibPac was known as ComTransPhibPac.
On March 8, 1944, Vice Admiral Richmond K. Turner reported to the Commander-in-Chief U.S. Pacific Fleet, as Commander Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Vice Admiral Turner's orders as Commander FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet remained in force on his assumption of the higher command. On June 1, 1944 the Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet were reconstituted by the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet and Vice Admiral Turner assigned additional duty as TYPE COMMANDER for all Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
The AMPHIBIOUS Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet consist[ed] of Transports-Assault (APA), Cargo Vessels-Assault (AKA), Transports (AP), Cargo Vessels (AK), Civilian Manned Transports (XAP), and Cargo Vessels (XAK), Landing Ship Vehicles (LSV), Landing Ship Docks (LSD), Landing Ship Tanks (LST), Patrol and Special Craft (PCS, SC, LCC), Landing Craft (LSM, LCI(L), LCI(G), LCT(6), LCT(5), APc), Landing Boats, Training Commands, and Amphibious Operating, Repair and Training bases. These Forces were designated TASK Force Thirteen.
Subordinate Commanders of the Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet are as follows:
- Commander Amphibious Group ONE, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group TWO, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group 3, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group FOUR, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group FIVE, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group SIX, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group SEVEN, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Amphibious Group TWELVE, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander Support Aircraft.
- Commander, Training Command, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Commander, Administrative Command, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Transport Squadron Commanders.
- Transport Division Commanders.
The Commander Support Aircraft is placed by the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet, under the control of Commander Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet, for administration and training. When needed for operations and upon request by Commander Amphibious Forces, Commander Support Aircraft reports to Commander THIRD or FIFTH Amphibious Force for Operation Control. Office space is provided at Amphibious Force Headquarters.
This post was disestablished in 1975 and its functions were passed on to Naval Surface Force, US Pacific Fleet.
- 1948-1950: RADM Bertram J. Rodgers 2 April 1948
- 1950-1950: RADM Peter K. Fischler 3 January 1950
- 1950-1953: VADM Ingolf N. Kiland 7 August 1950
- 1953-1954: VADM William M. Callaghan 2 January 1953
- 1954-1956: VADM Thomas G. Settle 8 March 1954
- 1956-1958: VADM Carl F. Espe 6 July 1956
- 1958-1960: VADM John Sylvester 11 April 1958
- 1960-1963: VADM Howard A. Yeager 23 July 1960
- 1963-1964: VADM Ephraim P. Holmes 15 March 1963
- 1964-1965: VADM John B. Colwell 17 January 1964
- 1965-1966: VADM Bernard F. Roeder 10 May 1965
- 1966-1968: VADM Francis J. Blouin 27 July 1966
- 1968-1970: VADM John V. Smith May 1968
- 1970-1972: VADM Nels C. Johnson July 1970
- 1972-1975: VADM Robert S. Salzer September 1972
- Reference OPNAVINST 5450.337A
- Norman Polmar, 'The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet,' Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD., 1978, ISBN 0-87021-642-2, 7-8.
- Ships and Aircraft, Thirteenth Edition, 1984, 16.
- "Administrative Organization of the Operating Forces of the U.S. Navy" (PDF). Department of the Navy Issuances. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- Orbat.com/Niehorster, Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet
- Kent G. Budge. "Brown, Wilson, Jr.". The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- U.S. Pacific Fleet, Transport Doctrine, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet, September 1944, via HyperWar.