Commission v France (1997)

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Commission v France
Strawberries in Flensburg.JPG
Court European Court of Justice
Citation(s) (1997) C-265/95
Free movement of goods

Commission v France (1997) C-265/95 is an EU law case, concerning the free movement of goods in the European Union.


French farmers sabotaged imported agricultural produce, such as Spanish strawberries and Belgian tomatoes, and French authorities turned a blind eye. The Commission brought enforcement proceedings under TFEU article 258 for ‘failing to take all necessary and proportionate measures’ to prevent the obstructions to trade by the farmers. It argued the failure contravened TFEU article 34 in conjunction with TEU article 4(3) on the duty of cooperation (ex article 10 TEC).


The Court of Justice held that TFEU article 34 was infringed, as it prohibited not only state action, but also inaction. The French authorities should have acted and would be liable for "manifestly and persistently" abstaining from taking appropriate measures.

See also[edit]



  • K Muylle, ‘Angry famers and passive policement’ (1998) 23 ELR 467

External links[edit]