Comparison of cognitive architectures

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The following table compares cognitive architectures.

Comparison of cognitive architectures
Names Underlying theory
(symbolic, connectionist, or hybrid)
Achievements Estimated requirements Non-laboratory usages Activity status
(active or dead + RSS news)
Year of creation Related publications License
(if applies, for example GPL)
4CAPS hybrid ? ? ? ? ? ?
ACT-R hybrid [1] ? ? ? active ? Anderson, 2007
ASMO hybrid Many robotic systems ? IBM internet-of-things system active 2009 Novianto, Johnston and Williams 2010
CHREST symbolic ? ? ? active 1992 [2] ?
CLARION hybrid [1] Many psychological theories derived from it ? ? active 1994 Sun, 2002, 2016
Copycat ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Deeplearning4j hybrid online learning, anomaly detection, image recognition ? ? active Josh Patterson & Adam Gibson (2017) Apache 2.0
DUAL hybrid ? ? ? ? ? ?
EPAM ? ? ? ? ? 1959 [2] ?
EPIC ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
GLAIR symbolic ? ? ? active ? Bona and Shapiro, 2009 ?
Hierarchical Temporal Memory connectionist online learning, anomaly detection ? anomaly detection active 2009 Hawkins et al (multiple) AGPL
LIDA symbolic ? ? ? ? ? ?
MAMID ? ? ? ? ? ? Hudlicka, 2002; 2003 ?
Mibe architecture ? ? ? ? ? 1998 ?
OpenCog hybrid chatbot, game avatar ? misc subsystems in commercial, financial, medical active 2001 Goertzel et al (multiple) AGPL
Parallel terraced scan ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Procedural Reasoning System ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
R-CAST ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Soar symbolic [1] ? ? yes active 1983 Laird (2012)
Sigma Hybrid Ray Kurzweil Awards at AGI 2011 and 2012 ? not yet active 2009 Rosenbloom, Demski, Ustun (2016) BSD 2 clause
SOSIEL Symbolic .Net Core policy analysis active 2018 Sotnik (2018) open source
TinyCog symbolic ? ? ? active 2015 Bergmann and Fenton, 2015 GPL V3

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Knowledge Level in Cognitive Architectures: Current Limitations and Possibile Developments Antonio Lieto, Christian Lebiere and Alessandro Oltramari. In "Cognitive Systems Research'’, 48, 2018. pp 39–55.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-12. Retrieved 2015-07-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)