Computer-aided assessment (or "computer-assisted assessment") is a term that covers all forms of assessments, whether summative (i.e. tests that will contribute to formal qualifications) or formative (i.e. tests that promote learning but are not part of a course's marking), delivered with the help of computers. This covers both assessments delivered on computer, either online or on a local network, and those that are marked with the aid of computers, such as those using Optical Mark Reading (OMR). There are number of open source online tools to handle exams conducted on OMR sheets.
Computer-aided assessment can be viewed in a few different ways. Technically, assignments that are written on a computer and researched online are computer-aided assessments. One of the most common forms of computer-aided assessment (in terms of e-learning) is online quizzes or exams. These can be implemented online, and also marked by the computer by putting the answers in. Many content management systems will have easy to set up and use systems for online exams.
It is also envisaged that computer-based formative assessment, in particular, will play an increasingly important role in learning, with the increased use of banks of question items for the construction and delivery of dynamic, on-demand assessments. This can be witnessed by current projects such as the SQA's SOLAR Project.
The effectiveness of these assessments has been frequently demonstrated in studies, both in the form of positive student feedback and improvement in student performance (see, for example, Einig (2013) or Marriott and Lau (2008)).
- Quiz OMR" : An extension to Moodle to provide online support for offline quizzes conducted on OMR sheets http://moodle.org/mod/data/view.php?d=13&rid=3601
- Gomersall 2005
- Scottish Qualifications Authority 2008
- Einig, Sandra (2013). "Supporting Students' Learning: The Use of Formative Online Assessments". Accounting Education. 22 (5): 425–444.
- Gomersall, Bob (2005-12-10). Practical implementation of e-testing on a large scale, and implications for future eassessment and e-learning (PDF). Shipley, West Yorkshire, UK. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Scottish Qualifications Authority (2008). "SOLAR White Paper" (PDF). Glasgow, UK. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
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