Conde de Lipa

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Conde de Lipa Ludwik Tarszeński Konarzenski, known as Conde de Lipa (Count of Lipa) (ca.1793 – October 24, 1871) was a Polish captain and photographer recognized for his participation in the November Uprising in Poland, and for his work as an early photographer and one of the first instructors of photography with his own photo schools in Spain. He was official photographer to the Queens of Spain and Portugal.

Biography[edit]

Ludwik Tarszeński was born (according to his death certificate), in Lupko, province of Podlasc, Poland (possibly Lupki, Podlaskie, Poland) in 1793 or 1794, son of Benedicto Tarszeński Grande de Polonia and Tecla Konarcenski.[1] He became a captain in the Polish army. In 1830, he formed part of the November Uprising against the Russian Czar Nicholas I of Russia,[2] led by Piotr Wysocki

Along with thousands of émigrés, Tarszeński moved to France after the failed uprising.[3]

By 1843 he lived in Seville (Sevilla), where he defended the city and Queen Isabel II from a siege by Antonio Wan-Halen, capturing two spies.[4] That same year, he was named Knight of the Order of Isabel la Católica.[5] The following year, he married Magdalena de Voisins in the Parish of San Vicente, Sevilla. In 1847 he moved to Málaga, where he opened the first daguerrotype studio of the city.[6] It’s likely that the Count of Lipa photographed the Duke of Montpensier during his visit to Málaga in 1849.[7] He taught photography in Málaga, as he did in Sevilla, selling the latest photographic equipment imported from France. Many photographers in Spain learned from him, including Juan Antonio Ibáñez Martínez (b. 1812 Yecla, Murcia) and Amalia L. de López, the first professional female photographer in Spain (Jaen),[8] and author of one of the portraits of Conde de Lipa preserved.

The Conde de Lipa was very involved in literary circles, and was the official photographer to both the Queen of Spain, Isabel II, and the Queen of Portugal, Maria II. In 1857, Pedro Antonio de Alarcón dedicates his novel '"¡Viva el Papa!" to Luis Farszeñski, Conde de Lipa.[9] In 1861, he participated in one of the many literary circles in Seville, with the reading of the ode "To Poland".[10] The following year he gave "an elegant moire and satin album, with several photographs of the Holy Face" to Queen Isabel II, with the occasion of her visit to Jaén.[11]

By 1866 the Conde de Lipa was definitively the official photographer to Queen Isabel II, photographing the act of laying the first stone of the National Library of Spain in Madrid (Biblioteca Nacional de España en Madrid), on April 22, 1866 [6]. He later offered these photos for sale in his studio.[12] The newspaper La Iberia speaks of “the magnificent museum the photographer Count of Lipa has in Atocha street, number 18 (Madrid)″.[13] The article also mentions the photographs he had taken of the collection of the Real Armería; however the photos preserved in the Spanish National Library of the Armería are labeled with Jean Laurent's company, which leads historians to believe Lipa's photographs ended in Laurent's collection.

By 1868 he may have moved to Zafra, Badajoz. In November 1867, he took the oldest image that is preserved of Cáceres, of the inauguration of the works of the City Council.[14] The next year he took the first picture of Jesus Nazareno of Cáceres.[15] On October 24, 1871, "Luis Tarszensky y Konarzensky, conde de Lipa, native of Lupko, Podlasc province (Poland)", died in Zafra, Badajoz, at the age of 77 years, of chronic colitis. He was buried in the cemetery there.[16] He was survived by his wife Magdalena, his daughter Enriqueta, who married Manuel Hernández, of Zafra, and by his son Luis Tarszenski de Lipa y Voisins, who moved to Havana, Cuba, to teach Natural Sciences.[17]

Controversy in the Polish exiled community[edit]

In 1831, "Podczaszyński went to Metz, Konstanty Zaleski to Strasbourg and Ludwik Tarszeński to Valenciennes, with instructions to establish contact with the Polish community and provide information on the needs of the émigrés, and to help plan their trip to Paris or elsewhere”.[18] On May 23, 1837, Captain Tarszeński wrote an open letter from Bourdeaux to his compatriots in exile, declaring himself not guilty of the charges against him in connection with their activities in Galicia, Poland, in 1833.[19] Walery Wieloglowski, politician (1805–1865), responded in a public statement to Ludwik Tarszeński’s challenge to a duel, saying he would not accept the challenge until “people who have made accusations against Tarszeński retract” those allegations, and then the exile community will recognize Tarszeński as an honorable man.[20] Although Ludwik Tarszenski resided in Spain, he still publicly stood for the cause of a free Poland, reading the ode "To Poland" in a literary circle in Sevilla, in 1861.[21] In 1866, he requested that the Minister of Development of Spain create “a project of colonization of certain areas of Spain for the interests of our agriculture and wealth of our soil, to make Spain a second home for the children of the hapless Poland who have to get away from their home for the duration of the circumstances that weigh on it today“.[22] More research is needed on this subject.

The Origin of his Heraldic Title of Nobility[edit]

According to family history, Ludwik Tarszeński received his title of Count of Lipa (Conde de Lipa) from Louis-Phillip I, King of France, after he photographed the collection of the Louvre Museum (between 1837 and 1842). Ludwik's father, Benedicto Tarszeński, held the title "Grande de Polonia". The family Tarszeński belongs to the Lubicz noble clan of Poland, and bears that heraldic coat of arms. More research is needed on this subject.

Selected works[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birth certificate of Enriqueta Ysabel Tarzenski de Voisins, daughter of the Conde of Lipa and Magdalena de Voisins, Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, April 27, 1845
  2. ^ Komitet Narodowy Polski, trudy Komitetu Całoroczne Narodowego Polskiego na dniu 8 grudnia 1831, 1830. p. 121
  3. ^ Karol Józef Teofil Estreicher, Stanisław Estreicher, Bibliografia polska: 19. stólecie; t. 1-5. A-Z. t. 6-7. Dopełnienia. A-Z, Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 1880. p. 486
  4. ^ Jose Amador de los Rios, Rise and defense of Sevilla, Sevilla 1843. p. 29
  5. ^ Spain's National Historic Archive, STATE, 6329, Exp.127, 1843 [1], December 20, 2010
  6. ^ Juan Antonio Fernández Rivero, History of Photography in Málaga during the nineteenth century, Ed. Miramar College, Málaga 1994
  7. ^ Juan Antonio Fernández Rivero, History of Photography in Málaga during the nineteenth century, Ed. Miramar College, Málaga 1994
  8. ^ Emilio Luis Lara López, Historia de la Fotografía en España, un Enfoque desde lo Global hasta lo Local. [2], December 20, 2010
  9. ^ Isabel López Martínez, Eulalia Hernández Sánchez, Pedro Antonio de Alarcón en el Museo Universal, Murcia, 1986, p. 25
  10. ^ El Español newspaper, Madrid, June 12, 1861
  11. ^ Aristides Pongilioni and Francisco de Paula Hidalgo, Chronicle of SS.MM.y AA.RR journey to the provinces of Andalucia, 1862, p. 374
  12. ^ La Correspondencia de España newspaper, Madrid, April 5, 1866
  13. ^ La Iberia, Madrid, April 20, 1866
  14. ^ La Arquitectura Fotografiada de Trujillo, December 20, 2010
  15. ^ Nazareno Caceres, December 20, 2010
  16. ^ José María Lama, El instituto republicano. Política y educación en Zafra durante la II República”, 2011
  17. ^ ES.28079.AHN/2.2.1.72.5.3.3.6//ULTRAMAR,256,EXP.67, 1889 [3], December 20, 2010
  18. ^ Rampart, Issue 24, Institutum Historicum Polonicum Romae, 1980, p. 172
  19. ^ Ludwik Tarszenski, Public notice to Polish exiles, Bourdeaux, 1837. [4] University of Hokkaido, Japan, December 20, 2010
  20. ^ Walery Wieloglowski, Public notice, Bourdeaux, 1837. [5] Hokkaido University, Japan, December 20, 2010
  21. ^ El Español newspaper, Madrid, June 12, 1861
  22. ^ La Correspondencia de España newspaper, Madrid, April 5, 1866

External links[edit]