Coregonus maraena

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Coregonus maraena
Coregonus lavaretus maraena 1.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Genus: Coregonus
Species: C. maraena
Binomial name
Coregonus maraena
(Bloch, 1779)
  • Salmo maraena Bloch, 1779
  • Coregonus lavaretus maraena (Bloch, 1779)
  • Coregonus lapponicus Günther, 1866
  • Coregonus lloydii Günther, 1866
  • Coregonus maraena pommerana Thienemann, 1916
  • Coregonus lavaretus vaetterensis Thienemann, 1921
  • Coregonus lavaretus f. baltica Thienemann, 1922
  • Coregonus lavaretus f. balticus Thienemann, 1922
  • Coregonus holsatus vigrensis Litynski, 1923
  • Coregonus amnipetens Freidenfelt, 1928
  • Coregonus lavaretus mediospinatus Pravdin, 1931
  • Coregonus lavaretus bergi Pravdin, 1931
  • Coregonus lavaretus vygensis Pravdin, 1948
  • Coregonus lavaretus vygensis telekinae Pravdin, 1948

Coregonus maraena, referred to in English as the maraene,[1] maraena whitfish[2] or the whitefish,[3] is a whitefish of the family Salmonidae that occurs in the Baltic Sea basin - in the sea itself and the inflowing rivers, and in several lakes as landlocked populations. It is found in Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia (Štrbské pleso), Russia and Sweden.[1] As of 2013, it has been listed as a vulnerable species by the IUCN[1] and as endangered by HELCOM.[3]

In the Baltic basin countries, this species has traditionally been known as Coregonus lavaretus (the common whitefish). The name Coregonus maraena has been adopted following the suggestion that the name Coregonus lavaretus should only be applied narrowly to some whitefish populations in France and Switzerland, as advocated by Kottelat and Freyhof,[4] and repeated by the IUCN and FishBase.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e Freyhof, J. (2013). "Coregonus maraena". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2010). "Coregonus maraena" in FishBase. June 2010 version.
  3. ^ a b HELCOM (2013). "HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea species in danger of becoming extinct" (PDF). Baltic Sea Environmental Proceedings (140): 72. 
  4. ^ Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

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