Cornelia Otis Skinner
Cornelia Otis Skinner
Skinner in 1955
|Born||May 30, 1899|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||July 9, 1979 (aged 80)|
New York City, U.S.
|Resting place||Oak Grove Cemetery, Fall River, Massachusetts|
|Occupation||Actress, playwright, screenwriter, diseuse|
|Spouse(s)||Alden Sanford Blodget (1928–1964) (his death) (1 child)|
Cornelia Otis Skinner (May 30, 1899 – July 9, 1979) was an American author and actress.
Skinner was the daughter of the actor Otis Skinner and actress Maud Durbin. After attending the all-girls' Baldwin School and Bryn Mawr College (1918–1919) and studying theatre at the Sorbonne in Paris, she began her career on the stage in 1921. She appeared in several plays before embarking on a tour of the United States from 1926 to 1929 in a one-woman performance of short character sketches she herself wrote. She wrote numerous short humorous pieces for publications such as The New Yorker. These pieces were eventually compiled into a series of books, including Nuts in May, Dithers and Jitters, Excuse It Please!, and The Ape in Me, among others.
In a "comprehensive study" of Skinner's work, G. Bruce Loganbill (1961) refers to Skinner's scripts as "monologue-dramas," which were extensions of the "linked monologues" developed by Ruth Draper. Skinner's work differed in structure and content however, creating and performing full-length monologue-dramas that were based on the lives of historical figures. Such work was a "unique" and important contribution to the one-person show in America.
With Emily Kimbrough, she wrote Our Hearts Were Young and Gay, a light-hearted description of their European tour after college. Kimbrough and Skinner went to Hollywood to act as consultants on the film version of the book, which resulted in the film of the same name, with Gail Russell playing Skinner. Skinner was portrayed by Bethel Leslie (replaced by Gloria Stroock) in the short-lived 1950 television series The Girls, based upon Our Hearts Were Young and Gay. In 1952, her one-woman show Paris '90 (music and lyrics by Kay Swift) premiered on Broadway. An original cast recording was produced by Goddard Lieberson for Columbia Records, now available on compact disc. In later years Skinner wrote Madame Sarah (a biography of Sarah Bernhardt) and Elegant Wits and Grand Horizontals about the Belle Epoque. She appeared with Orson Welles on The Campbell Playhouse radio play of "American Cavalcade: The Things We Have" on May 26, 1939.
In a 1944 conversation with Victor Borge, Skinner reportedly told the Danish comedian that she decided to drop the term "diseuse" from her act after reading in a Scottish newspaper: "Cornelia Otis Skinner, the American disease, gave a program last night."
As an actress
- Kismet (1920) - Miskah
- The Uninvited (1943) - Miss Holloway
- General Electric Guest House (1951, episode dated July 1, 1951)
- Paris '90 (1952)
- The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing (1955) - Mrs. Thaw
- Max Liebman Presents: Dearest Enemy (1955, TV Episode) - Mrs. Murray
- The Alcoa Hour (1956, Episode: "Merry Christmas, Mr. Baxter") - Susan Baxter
- The Swimmer (1968) - Mrs. Hammar
- Stage Door Canteen (1943)
- Toast of the Town (later The Ed Sullivan Show) TV episodes #4.7 (1950), #4.14 (1950), #5.32 (1952), and #7.8 (1953)
- Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town (1951), TV episode dated June 23, 1951
- What's It For? (1957) TV episode dated October 12, 1957
- What's My Line? (1959) TV episode dated March 29, 1959
- This Is Your Life (1959) Charlie Ruggles (TV episode)
- Skinner, Cornelia Otis (1962). Elegant wits and grand horizontals.
- Our Hearts Were Young and Gay (with Emily Kimbrough, 1942; Dodd, Mead and Company Inc.)
- Family Circle (1948) – an autobiographical work (entitled Happy Family in the UK)
- Skinner, Cornelia Otis (January 7, 1950). "Those Friends of His". The New Yorker. 25 (46): 27–29. Humorous autobiographical piece.
- Madame Sarah (1967) – a biography of Sarah Bernhardt.
- Life with Lindsay and Crouse (1976) – a biography of Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse.
- Essay compilations
- Tiny Garments (1932)
- Excuse It, Please! (1936)
- Dithers and Jitters (1937)
- Soap Behind the Ears (1941)
- Popcorn (1943)
- That's Me All Over (1948) – a collection of the best essays from the prior 4 compilations.
- Nuts in May (1950)
- Bottoms Up! (1955) Dodd, Mead, and Company, New York
- The Ape in Me (1959)
Playwriting, screenwriting, scriptwriting
- Edna, His Wife (1937), play based on the 1935 novel of the same name by Margaret Ayer Barnes
- The Girls (1950) TV series
- The Pleasure of His Company (1958) play (adapted as a film in 1961)
- The Wives of Henry VIII (1931)
- The Empress Eugenie (1932)
- The Loves of Charles II (1933)
- The Mansion on the Hudson (1935)
Critical studies and reviews of Skinner's work
- Cast of One: One Person Shows from the Chautauqua Platform to the Broadway Stage (1989)- Section on Skinner
- Gentile, John S. (1989). Cast of One. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 112.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows - 1946-Present (9 ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. p. 540. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "The Campbell Playhouse: American Cavalcade". Orson Welles on the Air, 1938–1946. Indiana University Bloomington. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- Hopper, Hedda (June 2, 1944). "Screen has Taken Over 'Duffy's Tavern'". The Salt Lake Tribune (Utah). p. 14. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- What's My Line? - Cornelia Otis Skinner; Dore Schary (panel) (Mar 29, 1959)
- Paris in the Belle Epoque.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cornelia Otis Skinner.|
- Cornelia Otis Skinner on IMDb
- Cornelia Otis Skinner at the Internet Broadway Database
- Skinner Family Papers, 1874-1979 at Houghton Library, Harvard University
- Cornelia Otis Skinner scrapbooks, 1921-1978, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Cornelia Otis Skinner at Find a Grave
- "American Cavalcade: The Things We Have" (May 26, 1939) on The Campbell Playhouse, with guest Cornelia Otis Skinner (Indiana University Bloomington)
- "Annotations: The NEH Preservation Project" Two Skinner monologues from a 1951 Book and Author Luncheon
- "Cornelia Skinner papers". Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester.